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Silicone quaternary ammonium salt based nanocomposite: a long-acting antibacterial cotton fabric finishing agent with good softness and air permeability

  • Dangge GaoEmail author
  • Yajuan Li
  • Bin Lyu
  • Dina Jin
  • Jianzhong MaEmail author
Original Research


A silicone quaternary ammonium salt based nanocomposite was synthesized and the chemical structure and stability of the nanocomposite were investigated. The results showed that the OQAS/(Ag/ZnO) nanocomposite had prepared successfully. The cotton fabrics were treated with different concentration of OQAS/(Ag/ZnO) nanocomposite and its antibacterial, durability, softness, hydrophilicity, and air permeability were also be examined using diverse characterization techniques. The antibacterial rate of treated cotton can reach to over 90%. After 10 cycles washing, antibacterial rate retain over 85% for both E. coli and S. aureus, because the chemical bond had formed between nanocomposite and cotton from the FT-IR result. In addition, a model bacterium, E. coli was used to evaluate the antibacterial mechanism and kinetics of nanocomposite. The hydrophilicity, air permeability and softness of the treated cotton fabrics were also had an improvement to some extent.


Cotton fabric Antibacterial Softness Nanocomposite 



The authors acknowledge the support for this study from the Key Laboratory of Light Chemical Auxiliary Chemistry and Technology Jointly Established by the Ministry of Education (Shaanxi University of science and Technology) (Grant Number KFKT2019-01), Shaanxi Province “Special Support Plan for High Level Talents” Project and National Natural Science Foundation Project (Grant Number 21878182).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Bioresources Chemical and Material EngineeringShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.National Demonstration Center for Experimental Light Chemistry Engineering EducationShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina

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