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Ultrasonic effect on the photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) dye by cotton fabrics loaded with TiO2

  • Zouhair Ait-Touchente
  • Ahmed M. Khalil
  • Serap Simsek
  • Sami Boufi
  • Luis Filipe V. Ferreira
  • Manuel Rei Vilar
  • Rachid Touzani
  • Mohamed M. ChehimiEmail author
Original Research


The effect of sonication on the photodegradation of Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G, a fluorone dye) using woven cotton fabrics decorated with TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) has been investigated. TiO2 NPs were synthesized in situ by sol–gel method in the presence of cotton textile and then hydrothermally treated. TiO2-loaded fabrics were treated ultrasonically to test adhesion to- and properties of the NPs on the fabrics. We demonstrate good adhesion and a good stability of the NPs of TiO2. Moreover, sonication substantially improved the distribution on the surfaces and hence enhanced the fabrics catalytic activity. Either under UV or simulated sunlight, ultrasonicated fabrics were found to have a high photocatalytic activity towards Rh6G, used as a model dye. SEM, XPS, UV–Vis and FTIR spectroscopy, as well as ground state diffuse reflectance and laser induced luminescence were used to characterize fabrics/TiO2 samples in terms of topography, surface composition, influence of hydrothermal treatment on photocatalytic activity, stability of TiO2 NPs, electro-optical properties of the modified fabrics, as well as the effect of ultrasonication on the photodegradation of Rh6G. This work paves the way to a larger scale improvement of the photocatalytic performances of TiO2-loaded cotton fabrics by post-sonication.

Graphic abstract


Cotton fabrics TiO2 nanoparticles Adhesion Sonication Rhodamine 6G Photodegradation of dyes 



The authors would like to thank NATO for financial support through the CATALTEX Project No. SfP 984842. AMK thanks the French Government for funding his contribution through a fellowship granted by the French Embassy in Egypt (Institut Français d’Egypte).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The Authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LCAE-FSOUniversité Mohammed PremierOujdaMorocco
  2. 2.Photochemistry DepartmentNational Research CentreDokki, GizaEgypt
  3. 3.ITODYS, UMR7086 CNRSUniversité Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris CitéParisFrance
  4. 4.Faculty of Science, LMSEUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  5. 5.Centro de Química-Física Molecular, IN and iBB, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal
  6. 6.Univ Paris Est Creteil, CNRS, ICMPE, UMR7182ThiaisFrance

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