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Cellulose

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 113–126 | Cite as

Cellulosic material obtained from Antarctic algae biomass

  • Oscar G. Paniz
  • Claudio M. P. Pereira
  • Bruna S. Pacheco
  • Silvana I. Wolke
  • Guilherme K. Maron
  • Andrés Mansilla
  • Pio Colepicolo
  • Marcelo O. Orlandi
  • Alice G. Osorio
  • Neftali L. V. CarreñoEmail author
Original Research
  • 163 Downloads

Abstract

Algae biomass is a raw material widely used by many industrial sectors, such as food production, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, fertilizers, biofuels, and many others. Its usage is mainly due to the phycocolloids content, such as alginates, carrageenans, agar, etc. One of the polysaccharides present in this biomass, and still little explored is cellulose, an important resource with several technological applications, for example: production of nanocellulose, ultralightweight structures, drug delivery, tissue engineering, wound dressings, among others. Thus, we used the Antarctic algae Cystosphaera jacquinottii as raw material for the production of a cellulosic material combining alkaline treatment, bleaching, and freeze-drying. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy results revealed that the methodology employed was effective to obtain cellulose. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that the material obtained had crystallinity above 70%. Scanning electron microscopy analyses showed a highly porous morphology, consisting of cellulose nanofibers with a diameter about 32 nm.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Cellulose Algae biomass Cystosphaera jacquinottii 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—Brasil (CAPES)—Finance Code 001, FAPERGS/PqG 2017 (17/2551-0001 157-0), Capes (PGCI-99999.002378/2015-09), (88887.125421/2016-00), and Forensic National Institute of Science and Technology (CNPq - Grant number 465450/2014-8). The authors would like to thank the CNANO—UFRGS for Solid State CP-MAS 13C-NMR for her invaluable technical support, as well to Electron microscopy facilities were provided by LMA-IQ-UNESP.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict to interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oscar G. Paniz
    • 1
  • Claudio M. P. Pereira
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bruna S. Pacheco
    • 2
  • Silvana I. Wolke
    • 3
  • Guilherme K. Maron
    • 1
  • Andrés Mansilla
    • 4
  • Pio Colepicolo
    • 5
  • Marcelo O. Orlandi
    • 6
  • Alice G. Osorio
    • 1
  • Neftali L. V. Carreño
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering, CDTecFederal University of PelotasPelotasBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratory of Lipidomic and Bio-OrganicFederal University of PelotasCapão do LeãoBrazil
  3. 3.Institute of ChemistryFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  4. 4.Laboratorio de Macroalgas Antárticas y SubantárticasUniversity of MagallanesPunta ArenasChile
  5. 5.Biochemistry Department, Chemistry InstituteSão Paulo UniversitySão PauloBrazil
  6. 6.Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Ceramics, IQSão Paulo State UniversityAraraquaraBrazil

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