, Volume 26, Issue 18, pp 9787–9801 | Cite as

Synthesis of ethyl cellulose/aluminosilicate zeolite nanofibrous membranes for oil–water separation and oil absorption

  • Shahnaz Koushkbaghi
  • Sana Jamshidifard
  • Abolfazl ZabihiSahebi
  • Aliasghar Abouchenari
  • Meisam Darabi
  • Mohammad IraniEmail author
Original Research


ZSM-5 (Seolite Sconoy Mobil) aluminosilicate zeolites synthesized by the hydrothermal method were incorporated into the hydrophobic ethyl cellulose (EC) nanofibrous membrane. The performance of synthesized nanofibers was investigated for a gravity driven oil–water separation. The synthesized ZSM-5 nanozeolites and EC/ZSM-5 composite nanofibers were characterized using XRD, FESEM, XPS, FTIR and AFM analysis. The permeability of EC/ZSM-5 5 wt% for oil in water mixture was in order of n-hexane (5170 ± 60 L/m2 h) > n-heptane (4600 ± 50 L/m2 h) > cyclohexane (4350 ± 35 L/m2 h) > pump oil (3780 ± 28 L/m2 h) > lubricating oil (3200 ± 25 L/m2 h) > motor oil (2980 ± 20 L/m2 h) with a separation efficiency higher than 99.90% for the studied oil/water mixtures separation. The potential of nanofibers toward oil absorption from oil/water mixtures was also investigated for 7 cycles of absorption process. The absorption capacity was found to be 525.6, 423.4 and 198.3 g/g for motor oil, cyclohexane and n-heptane using EC/ZSM-5 nanofibers. The obtained results revealed that ZSM-5 loaded-EC nanofibrous membranes can be used as efficient membranes for oil/water separation.


Ethyl cellulose ZSM-5 nanozeolite Nanofibrous membrane Water/oil separation Absorption 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shahnaz Koushkbaghi
    • 1
  • Sana Jamshidifard
    • 2
  • Abolfazl ZabihiSahebi
    • 3
  • Aliasghar Abouchenari
    • 4
  • Meisam Darabi
    • 5
  • Mohammad Irani
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityYazdIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Chemical EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  3. 3.Faculty of Petroleum and Natural Gas EngineeringSahand University of TechnologyTabrizIran
  4. 4.Department of Material Science and EngineeringShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  5. 5.Department of Chemical and Petroleum EngineeringSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran
  6. 6.Young Researchers and Elite ClubTehran North Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

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