, Volume 26, Issue 17, pp 9311–9322 | Cite as

Attapulgite modified cotton fabric and its flame retardancy

  • Yan BaoEmail author
  • Xinqian Li
  • Pei Tang
  • Chao Liu
  • Wenbo Zhang
  • Jianzhong MaEmail author
Original Research


Flame-retardant treatment for cotton fabric has been raising considerable interest. However, flame-retardant treatments in many studies have drawbacks, such as releasing toxic gases, high cost and weak bonding to the matrix. In this paper, attapulgite clay (ATP) was treated by ball-milling, activation and double-bond modification. Cotton fabric was grafted to achieve mercapto functionalization. Finally, the flame-retardant cotton fabric was prepared by grafting ATP onto the surface of the cotton fabric via thiol–ene click reaction. The resultant cotton fabric showed outstanding flame-retardant properties. Its burning rate, limiting oxygen index and maximum smoke density were 5.3 mm/s, 25.6% and 14.27%, respectively. Compared with the original cotton fabric, the flame-retardant properties of the obtained cotton fabric were significantly improved. It was attributed to the as-formed more stable oxide layer decomposed by ATP during burning. Furthermore, the as-prepared flame-retardant cotton fabric did not cause any health hazards. This work is favorable for promoting the development of halogen- and phosphorus-free flame-retardant cotton fabric.


Attapulgite Cotton fabric Flame-retardant Thiol–ene click reaction 



This work was supported by the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No: 21878181) and the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province (No: 2018ZDXM-GY-118).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials EngineeringShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.National Demonstration Center for Experimental Light Chemistry Engineering EducationShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Shaanxi Collaborative Innovation Center of Industrial Auxiliary Chemistry and TechnologyShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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