, Volume 26, Issue 17, pp 9179–9206 | Cite as

Smart bactericidal filter containing biodegradable polymers for crystal violet dye adsorption

  • Mahmoud H. Abu Elella
  • Eman Abd ElHafeez
  • Emad S. GodaEmail author
  • Seungho Lee
  • Kuk Ro YoonEmail author
Original Research


A facile and green method was utilized for preparing an efficient dual function adsorbent as a filter for capturing crystal violet (CV) dye and an inhibitor for the growth of Escherichia coli based on interpenetrating networks (IPNs) between N,N,N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) and xanthan gum (XG) in different weight ratios. The IPNs showed an excellent CV dye adsorption capacity (94.4%, Qmax = 555.6 mg g−1) at the optimum conditions chosen in this study, where 40 mg of the adsorbent was used for 50 mL of the 450 mg L−1 CV solution at pH 7, temperature of 30 °C and the equilibrium adsorption time of 6 h. The adsorption data were well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model. The adsorption kinetics exhibited pseudo-first order and intraparticle diffusion model participating in the mechanism of CV adsorption on IPN surface. The antibacterial activity test exhibited that all TMC/XG IPNs inhibited growth of E. coli, suggesting potential application as an antibacterial adsorbent in wastewater treatment.

Graphic Abstract


N,N,N-Trimethyl chitosan chloride Xanthan gum Interpenetrating polymer network Adsorption capacity Antibacterial activity 



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF2019R1I1A3A01063833), Hannam University research fund in 2019, Korea Environment Industry & Technology Institute (KEITI) through Technology Development Program for Environmental Industry Advancement funded by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) (RE201805141) and Cairo University research fund in 2018.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Organic Nanomaterials Lab, Department of ChemistryHannam UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryHannam UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.Fire Protection LaboratoryNational Institute of StandardsGizaEgypt

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