Advertisement

Cellulose

pp 1–14 | Cite as

Influence of the alkali treatment on the sorption and dielectric properties of woven jute fabric

  • A. IvanovskaEmail author
  • D. Cerovic
  • S. Maletic
  • I. Jankovic Castvan
  • K. Asanovic
  • M. KosticEmail author
Original Research
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Woven jute fabric was treated with sodium hydroxide solution of different concentrations at room temperature, for different periods of time. After that, jute fabrics with gradually decreased content of hemicelluloses were obtained. The changes of the sorption properties (moisture sorption, water retention power and degree of fiber swelling) and dielectric properties (effective relative dielectric permeability, AC specific electrical conductivity and dielectric loss tangent) of alkali treated jute fabrics were investigated. After the alkali treatments, the degree of accessibility of the cell wall components to water vapor increased with increased severity of the alkali treatment. In parallel, the degree of fiber swelling and total water holding capacity of the fabrics were increased. The dielectric properties are very sensitive to fabric structural characteristics, chemical composition and its ability for moisture sorption. Thus, the obtained increase of the effective relative dielectric permeability after the alkali treatments can be attributed to the changes in the structural characteristics and decrease in the content of hemicelluloses, which further contributed to an increased ability for moisture sorption. The changes in the AC specific electrical conductivity can be explained by the fact that the hemicelluloses not only restrict the freedom of the water molecules to take part in the polarization process, they also change the structure in such a way that the mobility of the ions in the electric field is restricted. The values of dielectric loss tangent increased after the alkali treatments due to the increase in the number of polar groups.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Jute Alkali Hemicelluloses Sorption properties Dielectric properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Government of the Republic of Serbia for funding the study under the Projects (OI 172029 and OI 171029). The authors also thank Goran Dembovski, (Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Skopje, Macedonia) for air permeability analysis.

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2421_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 2600 kb)

References

  1. Ahuja D, Kaushik A, Chauhan GS (2017) Fractionation and physicochemical characterization of lignin from waste jute bags: effect of process parameters on yield and thermal degradation. Int J Biol Macromol 97:403–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Asanovic KA, Cerovic DD, Mihailovic TV, Kostic MM, Reljic M (2015) Quality of clothing fabrics in terms of their comfort properties. Indian J Fibre Text 40:363–372Google Scholar
  3. Asanovic KA, Cerovic DD, Kostic MM, Maletic SB, Kramar AD (2018) Multipurpose nonwoven viscose/polypropylene fabrics: effect of fabric characteristics on sorption and dielectric properties. J Polym Sci Polm Phys 56:947–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ASTDM D 2402-78 (1978) Standard test method for water retention of fibers (centrifuge method). In: Annual book of ASTM standards. American Society for Testing and Materials, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Bakri MKB, Jayamani E, Hamdan S, Rahman MdR, Soon KH, Kakar A (2016) Fundamental study on the effect of alkaline treatment on natural fibers structures and behaviors. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci 11:8759–8763Google Scholar
  6. Bal K, Kothari VK (2009) Measurement of dielectric properties of textile materials and their applications. Indian J Fibre Text 34:191–199Google Scholar
  7. Bal K, Kothari VK (2010) Permittivity of woven fabrics: a comparison of dielectric formulas for air-fiber mixture. IEEE Trans Dielectr Electr Ins 3:881–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bal K, Kothari VK (2014) Dielectric behavior of polyamide monofilament fibers containing moisture as measured in woven form. Fibers Polym 8:1745–1751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Baltazar-y-Jimenez A, Bismarck A (2007) Wetting behaviour, moisture up-take and electrokinetic properties of lignocellulosic fibers. Cellulose 14:115–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cerovic DD, Dojcilovic JR, Asanovic KA, Mihajlidi TA (2009) Dielectric investigation of some woven fabric. J Appl Phys 106:084101-1–084101-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cerovic DD, Asanovic KA, Maletic SB, Dojcilovic JR (2013) Comparative study of the electrical and structural properties of woven fabrics. Compos Part B Eng 49:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cerović D, Dojčilović J, Petronijević I, Popović D (2014) Comparative analysis of dielectric and structural characteristics of the samples based on polyethyleneterephtalate. Contemp Mater 5:42–50Google Scholar
  13. Cowie JMG, Arrighi V (2008) Polymers: chemistry and physics of modern materials. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  14. EN 1049-2:1993 (1993) Textiles—woven fabrics—construction—methods of analysis—part 2: determination of number of threads per unit lengthGoogle Scholar
  15. Fraga AN, Frullloni E, Osa O, Kenny JM, Vázquez A (2006) Relationship between water absorption and dielectric behaviour of natural fibre composite materials. Polym Test 25:181–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Garner W (1967) Textile laboratory manual, volume 5: fibres. Heywood Books, London, pp 52–113Google Scholar
  17. George G, Joseph K, Nagarajan ER, Jose ET, George KC (2013) Dielectric behaviour of PP/jute yarn commingled composites: effect of fiber content, chemical treatments, temperature and moisture. Compos Part A Appl Sci 47:12–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gümüşkaya E, Usta M, Balaban M (2007) Carbohydrate components and crystalline structure of organosolv hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) bast fibers pulp. Bioresour Technol 98:491–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Islam MS, Pickering KL, Foreman NJ (2011) Influence of alkali fiber treatment and fiber processing on the mechanical properties of hemp/epoxy composites. J Appl Polym Sci 119:3696–3707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. ISO 3801:1977 (1977) Textiles—woven fabrics—determination of mass per unit length and mass per unit area, 1977Google Scholar
  21. ISO 9237:1995 (1995) Textiles—determination of the permeability of fabrics to airGoogle Scholar
  22. Kabir MF, Daud WM, Khalid KB, Sidek HAA (2001) Temperature dependence of the dielectric properties of rubber wood. Wood Fiber Sci 33:233–238Google Scholar
  23. Kargarzadeh H, Ahmad I, Abdullah I, Dufresne A, Zainudin SY, Sheltami RM (2012) Effects of hydrolysis conditions on the morphology, crystallinity, and thermal stability of cellulose nanocrystals extracted from kenaf bast fibers. Cellulose 19:855–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Koblyakov A (1989) Laboratory practice in the study of textile materials. Mir Publishers, Moscow, pp 192–200Google Scholar
  25. Kostic M, Pejic B, Skundric P (2008) Quality of chemically modified hemp fibers. Bioresour Technol 99:94–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kostic MM, Pejic BM, Asanovic KA, Aleksic VM, Skundric PD (2010) Effect of hemicelluloses and lignin on the sorption and electric properties of hemp fibers. Ind Crops Prod 32:169–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kothari VK, Bal K (2010) An infra-red heating based fast method of moisture content measurement and its application to measure blend proportion of polyester-viscose woven fabrics. J Eng Fiber Fabr 5:22–26Google Scholar
  28. Krishnan KB, Doraiswamy I, Chellamani KP (2005) Jute. In: Franck RR (ed) Bast and other plant fibers, 1st edn. Woodhead Publishing Limited and CRC Press LCR, Cambridge, pp 24–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lazić BD, Pejić BM, Kramar AD, Vukčević MM, Mihajlovski KR, Rusmirović JD, Kostić MM (2018) Influence of hemicelluloses and lignin content on structure and sorption properties of flax fibers (Linum usitatissimum L.). Cellulose 25:697–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Markiewicz E, Paukszta D, Borysiak S (2009) Dielectric properties of lignocellulosic materials–polypropylene composites. Mater Sci Pol 27:581–594Google Scholar
  31. Mukherjee A, Ganguly PK, Sur D (1993) Structural mechanics of jute: the effects of hemicellulose or lignin removal. J Text Inst 84:348–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mwaikambo LY, Ansell MP (2002) Chemical modification of hemp, sisal, jute, and kapok fibers by alkalization. J Appl Polym Sci 84:2222–2234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nurmi S, Hammi T, Demoulin B (2007) Protection against electrostatic and electromagnetic phenomena. In: Duquesne S, Magniez C, Camino G (eds) Multifunctional barriers for flexible structure. Springer, Berlin, pp 63–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pejic BM, Kostic MM, Skundric PD, Praskalo JZ (2008) The effects of hemicelluloses and lignin removal on water uptake behavior of hemp fibers. Bioresour Technol 99:7152–7159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pejic B, Vukcevic M, Kostic M, Skundric P (2009) Biosorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions by short hemp fibers: effect of chemical composition. J Hazard Mater 164:146–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rahman MS (2010) Jute—a versatile natural fibre. Cultivation, extraction and processing. In: Müssig J (ed) Industrial applications of natural fibers, 1st edn. Wiley, Bremen, pp 135–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ray D, Sarkar BK (2001) Characterization of alkali—treated jute fibers for physical and mechanical properties. J Appl Polym Sci 80:1013–1020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ray PK, Das BK, Banerjee SK, Sen SK (1983) On the partial mercerization and crimp development in jute fiber. J Polym Sci Sect Polym Lett 21:263–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Saukkonen E, Lyytikäinen K, Backfolk K, Maldzius R, Sidaravicius J, Lozovski T, Poskus A (2015) Effect of the carbohydrate composition of bleached kraft pulp on the dielectric and electrical properties of paper. Cellulose 22:1003–1017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang HM, Postle R, Kessler RW, Kessler W (2003) Removing pectin and lignin during chemical processing of hemp for textile applications. Text Res J 73:664–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang H, Ming R, Yang G, Li Y, Li Q, Shao H (2015) Influence of alkali treatment on flax fiber for use as reinforcements in polylactide stereocomplex composites. Polym Eng Sci 55:2553–2558CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of PhysicsUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.The College of Textile Design, Technology and ManagementBelgradeSerbia

Personalised recommendations