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Cellulose

pp 1–11 | Cite as

Facile assembly of cellulose-derived 3D-graphene/lithium hydroxide monohydrate nanocomposite for low-temperature chemical heat storage

  • Xixian YangEmail author
  • Shijie Li
  • Shiyi Zhang
  • Xin ChenEmail author
  • Shuai PengEmail author
Original Research
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Commonly used nanocarbon composite materials are routinely synthesized from petroleum-based resources. To avoid their bad impact on the environment, using cellulose-based materials as the promising resources is a better choice due to its easy acquisition and rich reserves. In this study, microcrystalline cellulose was selected as the carbon precursor to synthesize novel cellulose-derived 3D-graphene/LiOH·H2O nanomaterials for chemical heat storage to improve the efficiency of thermal energy utilization. The characterization and performance test results show that LiOH·H2O particles (5–20 nm) were highly dispersed on the 3D graphene carbon skeleton. These materials had excellent heat storage densities and thermal conductivities due to a completely new, hydrophilic, nano-reactive interface on 3D graphene. Among the materials, 3D-GF-VC-LiOH·H2O (Ascorbic acid-modified 3D-graphene/LiOH·H2O) exhibited the best heat storage and thermal conductivity properties. It achieved a thermal conductivity of 2.6 W/m K, which was 1.5 times that obtained with pure LiOH·H2O, and its heat storage density (2157 kJ/kg) was 3.3 times that of pure LiOH·H2O (661 kJ/kg). The activation energy could decrease to 27.5 kJ/mol. Moreover, the heat storage temperature range of LiOH·H2O was clearly expanded by introduction of 3D graphene. Hence, the addition of cellulose-derived 3D graphene is a very efficient means by which the design of chemical heat storage materials can be improved.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Cellulose 3D graphene Chemical heat storage Lithium hydroxide monohydrate Nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial supports from the National Science Foundation of China (No. 51406209) and Research Foundation of Education Bureau of Hubei Province, China (B2017067).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringFoshan UniversityFoshanChina
  2. 2.Hubei Provincial Engineering Laboratory for Clean Production and High Value Utilization of Bio-Based Textile MaterialsWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou Institute of Energy ConversionChinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Fuel Cell Technology of Guangdong ProvinceSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

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