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Aqueous suspensions of cellulose nanocrystals as water-based lubricants

  • MohammadJavad Shariatzadeh
  • Dana GrecovEmail author
Original Research


The tribological tests were performed on a pin on cylinder tribometer, in order to investigate the application of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) as additives in water-based lubricants. The coefficient of friction and wear between a stainless steel shaft and chrome steel ball were measured in the presence of CNC lubricant with different concentrations. The effect of the normal force, the rotational speed and the shaft diameter on the coefficient of friction and wear were studied as well. It was found that adding 2 wt% of CNC in water improved lubrication and provided a very low friction coefficient of approximately 0.09. The wear depth and width were reduced by more than 50%. The improvement of the coefficient of friction and wear was mainly due to the high strength and alignment of CNC rods.

Graphical abstract


Cellulose nanocrystals Tribology Water-based lubricants Lubricant additives 



This project was funded by MITACS program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and Kamloops Precision Machining Ltd which are highly appreciated. The authors are also grateful to Ali Pourzahedi for viscosity measurement of CNC at high shear rates.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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