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Fabrication of pillar[5]arene-polymer-functionalized cotton fibers as adsorbents for adsorption of organic pollutants in water and volatile organic compounds in air

  • Jincheng Cheng
  • Li Li
  • Yifan Li
  • Qiang Wang
  • Chiyang HeEmail author
Original Research
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

A new type of pillar[5]arene-polymer-functionalized cotton fibers was prepared with tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile (TFP) grafted first on the fiber surface and then the pillar[5]arene-TFP polymer grafted subsequently. The obtained functionalized fibers (P5A-TFP@cotton) were characterized by scanning electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectra, infrared spectra, 13C CP/MAS nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, and thermo-gravimetric analysis. The P5A-TFP@cotton captured organic pollutants from water with fast kinetics (with equilibrium time of 2 min for MB) and much higher adsorption capacity (4.5 times higher for bisphenol A) than the untreated cotton. The functionalized fibers also adsorbed the environmental-concentration styrene vapor rapidly to a concentration much lower than the limit of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration within 5 min. The P5A-TFP@cotton showed much higher adsorption ability for various high-concentration volatile organic compounds (VOCs) than the untreated cotton. Moreover, the P5A-TFP@cotton can be easily regenerated and presented good reusability for capturing organic pollutants in water and VOCs in air after simple treatment. The new adsorbent can be utilized in the form of fibers or fabrics for conveniently capturing organic pollutants in water and VOCs in air. These properties make the P5A-TFP@cotton of interest as adsorbent or filter membrane for water purification, air deodorization and detoxification. This methodology can be expanded to the functionalization of other textile fibers or fabrics.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Cotton fiber Pillar[5]arene polymer Functionalization Adsorption Organic pollutants Volatile organic compounds 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 21277106), the Nature Science Foundation of Hubei Province (No. 2017CFA026), and the Science and Technology Program of Wuhan (No. 2015060101010034).

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2315_MOESM1_ESM.docx (575 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 574 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei Key Laboratory of Biomass Fibers and Eco-Dyeing and FinishingWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina

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