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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 2599–2611 | Cite as

A facile fabrication of chitosan modified PPS-based microfiber membrane for effective antibacterial activity and oil-in-water emulsion separation

  • Hao Huang
  • Yun Li
  • Liang Zhao
  • Yan Yu
  • Jing Xu
  • Xianze Yin
  • Shaohua Chen
  • Jing Wu
  • Haisheng Yue
  • Hua Wang
  • Luoxin WangEmail author
Original Research
  • 93 Downloads

Abstract

Developing a facile and energy-efficient separation membrane for the purification of highly emulsified oily wastewater is significant challenging due to the critical limitation of low flux, serious fouling, and a complex fabrication process. Therefore, we fabricated a superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic polyphenylene sulfide microfiber membrane, modified by chitosan, via a simple and facile strategy of dip-coating followed by hot pressing. The prepared membrane displays high superoleophobicity in strong acid, alkali, and salt solutions, with the oil contact angle of 150.08°, 150.46° and 151.89°, respectively. Additionally, the high porosity and diminutive pore size endow the membrane with superior performance for separating both surfactant-free and surface-stabilized oil-in-water emulsion. An ultrahigh permeation flux of up to 2250 L m−2 h−1 with a separation efficiency of > 99% is obtained driven solely by gravity. The flow rate and separation efficiency are higher than those of conventional separation membranes, demonstrating remarkable applicability for energy efficient separation. With the advantages of excellent antifouling performance and antibacterial activity, the as-prepared membrane exhibits robust reusability for long-term separation, which is promising for practical applications in the purification of oily wastewater.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Microfiber membrane Superhydrophilic Oil/water separation Antifouling Antibacterial activity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Sichuan province Science and Technology Planning project (2018JY0534), the National Science and Technology support Plan of China (2015BAE01B04), the Scientific Research Project of Education Department of Hubei Province (Q20181709), and Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (2018CFB267).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2274_MOESM1_ESM.docx (5.6 mb)
Appendix A: Supplementary material. The EDX mapping of the distribution of the varieties of elements (C, N, O, S) on the CTS-PPS microfiber membrane surface. Photographs of various oil-in-water emulsions before and after filtration. Summary of various emulsions and their composition. Summary of the properties of the oils and the TOC values of related emulsions. (DOCX 5781 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao Huang
    • 1
  • Yun Li
    • 1
  • Liang Zhao
    • 1
  • Yan Yu
    • 1
  • Jing Xu
    • 1
  • Xianze Yin
    • 1
  • Shaohua Chen
    • 1
  • Jing Wu
    • 1
  • Haisheng Yue
    • 2
  • Hua Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luoxin Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Textile Fiber Products, College of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.High-Tech Organic Fibers Key Laboratory of Sichuan ProvinceSichuan Textile Science Research InstituteChengduChina

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