, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 2759–2769 | Cite as

Two-dimensional correlation infrared spectroscopy of heat-induced esterification of cellulose with 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid in the presence of sodium hypophosphite

  • Lei Hou
  • Peiyi WuEmail author
Original Research


The heat-induced esterification reaction between cellulose and 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA), catalyzed with sodium hypophosphite (SHP) was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy in combination with the perturbation correlation moving window (PCMW) technique and two-dimensional correlation Infrared spectroscopy (2Dcos). Two main stages could be identified in the heating process between 30 and 160 °C for the reaction system. Weakening of hydrogen bonding interactions within polar groups, such as C=O and O–H, and water evaporation takes place in the first stage (30–100 °C). The reaction process, which consists of cyclic anhydride formation and esterification, between BTCA and cellulose gradually occurs after heating above 100 °C. It is believed that both the presence of SHP and heating, leading to hydrogen bond breakage, contribute to the formation of cyclic anhydrides and further esterification. Moreover, it is shown in the 2Dcos analysis that ester groups appear immediately after the formation of anhydrides, suggesting that the reaction happens in a progressive way. Furthermore, through PCMW maps, we find that the esterification reaction mainly occurs in the temperature region between 126 and 142 °C and is fastest at 132 °C.

Graphical abstract


Polycarboxylic acid Cotton fiber Esterification FTIR spectroscopy Two-dimensional correlation infrared spectroscopy 



We are very grateful for the financial support of Shanghai Sailing Program (18YF1401100), National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents (BX201700048), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M631979), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Open Fund Project Innovation Platform of State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers (Fudan University) (K2018-03).

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2255_MOESM1_ESM.doc (590 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 590 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Science & Technology of Eco-Textile, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and BiotechnologyDonghua UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymer, Department of Macromolecular Science and Laboratory of Advanced MaterialsFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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