Biopolymeric films obtained from the parenchyma cells of Agave salmiana leaves
- 40 Downloads
Here, we report a non-aggressive method to obtain nanocellulose (NC) from the parenchyma of Agave salmiana leaves. This is accomplished by using a low concentration of a “piranha solution” to achieve solubilization and remove non-cellulosic components, isolating the NC in a single hydrolysis step. X-ray diffraction analysis has shown an increase in the crystallinity index of cellulose from 35 to 60 a result of the hydrolysis, and analysis by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy demonstrated that the cellulose had been purified. To test the thermal, mechanical, and optical properties of the NC, it was used to produce a paper. Analysis by scanning electron microscopy showed that the paper was formed from cellulose nanoplatelets (CNPs) stacked on top of each other.
KeywordsNanocellulose Agave leaves Piranha solution Nanofibrils
To the UANL and CONACyT for the financial support for this work and for the scholarship awarded (No. CVU 514440). Contributions of the reviewers for the journal are gratefully acknowledged.
- Chávez-Guerrero L, Sepúlveda-Guzmán S (2015) Proceso de separación de materiales vegetales fibrosos en sus componentes de fibra y matriz. México, Patent Request No. MX/a/2015/001927. [c12e19/00(2006-01)]Google Scholar
- Gao J, Xue JF, Xu M et al (2014) Nanouric acid or nanocalcium phosphate as central nidus to induce calcium oxalate stone formation: a high-resolution transmission electron microscopy study on urinary nanocrystallites. Int J Nanomed 9:4399–4409Google Scholar
- Lee HV, Hamid SBA, Zain SK (2014) Conversion of lignocellulose biomass to nanocellulose: structure and chemical process. Sci World J 2014:20Google Scholar