pp 1–12 | Cite as

Effect of lignin on performance of lignocellulose nanofibrils for durable superhydrophobic surface

  • Lihui Gu
  • Bo Jiang
  • Junlong Song
  • Yongcan JinEmail author
  • Huining Xiao
Original Paper


In this work, lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNFs) were initially prepared from 4, 8 and 16% sodium hydroxide pretreated wheat straw by mechanical grinding to evaluate the effect of lignin on the fibrillation process, and then superhydrophobic surface was prepared through coating fluoroalkyl silane modified LCNFs on glass and filter paper. The LCNFs with various amounts of lignin possess a fine structure with an average diameter of 13–17 nm and the length in microscale. The superhydrophobic surface was obtained by the LCNFs modified with the fluoroalkyl silane at an extremely low dosage (0.31 v/v%) owing to the presence of inherent hydrophobic lignin for synergetic effect. Although the high content of lignin in LCNFs has minor negative effect on the abrasion resistance of the as-prepared superhydrophobic surfaces, such a superhydrophobic surface has excellent water repellency and self-cleaning properties that offer LCNFs many promising applications.


Lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNFs) Lignin Superhydrophic surface Water Contact angle (WCA) Modification Silane 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31770623 and 31730106).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paper Science and Technology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest ResourcesNanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada

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