, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 845–860 | Cite as

Rheology of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) suspensions: influence of the degree of fibrillation and residual fibre content on flow and viscoelastic properties

  • Michel SchenkerEmail author
  • Joachim Schoelkopf
  • Patrick Gane
  • Patrice Mangin
Original Paper


The influence of the degree of fibrillation (DoF), i.e. the fibril width distribution, on the rheological properties of microfibrilated cellulose (MFC) suspensions was investigated. To extend the understanding of the dominating effect of either fibril diameter alone or diameter size distribution, flow curves (viscosity against shear rate) and viscoelastic measurements were performed on single, double and ternary component mixtures of medium and highly fibrillated MFCs and pulp fibres across a range of solids content. The data were quantified using classical and recently introduced descriptors, and presented in comprehensive 3D/ternary contour plots to identify qualitative trends. It was found that several rheological properties followed the trends that are generally described in the literature, i.e. that an increasing DoF increases the MFC suspension network strength. It was, however, also found that coarse pulp fibres can have additional effects that cannot be explained by the increased fibril widths alone. It is hypothesised that the increased stiffness (directly caused by the larger fibril width) as well as the reduced mobility of the pulp fibres are additional contributors. The data are discussed in relation to recent findings in the field of rheology and related morphological models of MFC suspension flow behaviour.

Graphical abstract


Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) Rheology Vane Degree of fibrillation (DoF) Flow curve Viscoelasticity 



Omya International AG and FiberLean Technologies Ltd. are acknowledged for their financial and in-kind support of this work. Dr. Johannes Kritzinger (FiberLean Technologies Ltd.) is thanked for his valuable inputs on image analysis and data presentation as well as Silvan Fischer (Omya International AG) for the microscopical imaging work. We would like to also acknowledge Dr. Antti Puisto for helpful discussions.

Supplementary material

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Quebec in Three Rivers (UQTR)Trois-RivièresCanada
  2. 2.FiberLean Technologies Ltd.CornwallEngland, UK
  3. 3.Omya International AGOftringenSwitzerland
  4. 4.Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems, School of Chemical EngineeringAalto UniversityAalto, HelsinkiFinland

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