, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 6823–6830 | Cite as

Three-dimensional bacterial cellulose-electrospun membrane hybrid structures fabricated through in-situ self-assembly

  • Muhammad Awais Naeem
  • Mensah Alfred
  • Pengfei Lv
  • Huimin Zhou
  • Qufu Wei


In this work, bacterial cellulose/electrospun membrane three-dimensional (BC/ENM 3D) hybrid structures were fabricated using in-situ self-assembly and characterized by SEM and FTIR. SEM showed as the bacterium extrudes cellulose nanofibrils; they gradually self-assemble to form a unified network on membrane surface and also penetrate into its structure, hence securely binding electrospun nanofiber and interlocking multiple membrane layers to form a stable 3D hybrid scaffold. FTIR results confirmed the presence of BC in the resulting nanocomposites. The permeability and porosity of the scaffold decreased with prolonged fermentation and with increased oxygen ratio as the cellulose grew more quickly.

Graphical Abstract


Bacterial cellulose In-situ self-assembly 3D hybrid structures Nanofibers Scaffolds 



This work was supported by the national first-class discipline program of Light Industry Technology and Engineering (LITE2018-21), and the 111 Project (B17021).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10570_2018_2084_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 5044 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Awais Naeem
    • 1
  • Mensah Alfred
    • 1
  • Pengfei Lv
    • 1
  • Huimin Zhou
    • 1
  • Qufu Wei
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Eco-textilesJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina

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