Efficient transesterification reaction of cellulose with vinyl esters in DBU/DMSO/CO2 solvent system at low temperature
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The transesterification reaction between cellulose and vinyl esters is regarded as a clean and facile strategy for the tunable synthesis of cellulose esters. In this study, a series of cellulose esters with degrees of substitution from 0.58 to 3.0 have been prepared successfully under mild conditions without adding any external catalysts when cellulose was dissolved in the 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU)/DMSO/CO2 solvent system and then followed by adding equimolar amounts of long chain fatty, aromatic, branched and steric vinyl esters. The optimization study of different reaction parameters like reaction time, temperature and amounts of substrates demonstrates that the reaction can proceed smoothly even at room temperature. This is evidenced by a cellulose benzoate with a DS of 2.6 obtained when the reaction is performed at 25 °C in 4 h. The as-prepared cellulose esters structure has been confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and FTIR, and material thermal properties were evaluated by DSC and TGA for an in-depth understanding the relationship between the cellulose esters structure and properties. It is believed that the DBU not only acts as a reagent for the CO2-derivative dissolution of cellulose in DMSO, but also acts as an in situ organocatalyst for the subsequent transesterification reaction.
KeywordsCellulose dissolution Cellulose esters Vinyl ester Organocatalysis Transesterification
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31270637 and 21574030); Science and Technology Department of Guizhou Province (Grant No. Natural Science Key Fund 1402), (Grant No. Platform & Talents 5652); Open research fund of Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Science & Technology of Ministry of Education of China (08031339); Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion (Grant No. J17-18-907); Excellent Scientific Innovative Talent Programme from Education Department of Guizhou Province (Grant No. KY479).
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts to declare.