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Cellulose

pp 1–13 | Cite as

Preparation of highly hydrophobic and anti-fouling wood using poly(methylhydrogen)siloxane

  • Wensheng Lin
  • Yudong Huang
  • Jian Li
  • Zhongqi Liu
  • Wenbin Yang
  • Ran Li
  • Hanxian Chen
  • Xinxiang Zhang
Original Paper

Abstract

In this work, anti-fouling wood with enhanced dimensional and thermal stability was produced by modification of the wood surface with poly(methylhydrogen)siloxane. The modification was accomplished simply by immerging wood into the modifier solution for < 1 min. The microstructure and chemical composition of the original and modified wood were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. As a result, the water contact angles of the treated wood surface for the radial and cross sections were 139° and 150°, respectively, which provided the resultant wood with an excellent anti-fouling property. The anti-swelling efficiency values of the modified woods were over 60%. The water absorption of the treated wood decreased from 74.82 to 30.72%, compared to that of the untreated wood. In addition, the resulting wood possessed enhanced mechanical stability, thermal stability, and UV resistance, which enabled it to sustain a series of mechanical damages including those from finger wiping, falling sand test, and tape peeling.

Keywords

Wood Hydrophobicity Surface modification Poly(methylhydrogens)siloxane (PMHS) Anti-fouling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61505029), Outstanding Youth Fund of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University of China (XJQ201602).

Supplementary material

10570_2018_2074_MOESM1_ESM.mp4 (8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (MP4 8213 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (MP4 3146 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials EngineeringFujian Agriculture and Forestry UniversityFuzhouChina

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