, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 5769–5780 | Cite as

Functional surface coatings from tailor-made long-chain hydroxypropyl cellulose ester nanoparticles

  • Maximilian Nau
  • David Seelinger
  • Markus BiesalskiEmail author
Original Paper


Hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC)-esters were prepared by a homogeneous reaction of HPC with fatty acid chlorides. The effects of different solvent systems and reaction additives were evaluated, and plain, dried THF was established as best system in terms of toxicity, targeted synthesis of desired degree of substitution (DS), chain degradation and ease of workup. Moreover, pyridine/4-dimethylaminopyridine (4-DMAP) was found to be the fastest system overall. The reaction kinetics with different fatty acids—lauric, myristic, palmitic and stearic acid—were characterized and comprehensively compared. The DS could be adjusted precisely, giving control over the glass transition temperature (Tg)/melting point (Tm) of the HPC-esters, yielding a toolbox to tailor HPC-ester. In a next step, nanoparticles are formed from HPC stearic acid ester and used to generate superhydrophobic surface coatings, thereby demonstrating one of the interesting potential uses of this sustainable material.

Graphical abstract


Hydroxypropyl cellulose Sustainable thermoplastics Bio based polymer Kinetic investigation Surface coating 



The authors would like to thank Martina Ewald and Heike Herbert for technical support and GPC measurements. Furthermore, we would like to thank Christian Rüttiger for conducting DSC measurements, and we would like to thank Dr. A. Geissler for valuable scientific discussions. This work was funded in part by the DFG Collaborative Research Center 1194 (SFB1194 “Wechelseitige Beeinflussung von Transport- und Benetzungsvorgängen”).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10570_2018_1981_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (632 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 632 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ernst-Berl-Institut für Technische und Makrokolekulare ChemieTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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