, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 4887–4903 | Cite as

Utilisation of natural cellulose fibres in wastewater treatment

  • Nur Syazwani Abd Rahman
  • Mohd Firdaus YhayaEmail author
  • Baharin Azahari
  • Wan Ruslan Ismail
Review Paper


Water safety and security are global problems. Indeed, researchers have taken this matter seriously and have begun to find alternative ways of treating wastewater. The conventional method for treating wastewater has been found to be uneconomical, and the polymeric materials used were not environmentally friendly. Biosorption techniques and mechanisms have been shown to be an effective alternative to replace conventional technologies. As agricultural waste is abundantly available, it has been chosen as the best starting material to produce biosorption material. Also, the hydroxyl functional groups in cellulose act as important parts to produce better absorbent materials. This review has explored the role of natural fibres as adsorbents for wastewater treatment while at the same time, for the removal of adsorbates such as oil, dyes, heavy metals, ionic compounds, and others as reported in the literature. Also investigated in this study, were the different modification types used to enhance the fibres and the mechanism of contaminant removal by the absorbents. Lastly, the physical forms of adsorbates and common types of effluents treated using natural fibres were examined and discussed.


Adsorbents Natural fibres Cellulose Wastewater Effluent Water treatment Biosorption 



The authors would like to acknowledge the Ministry of Higher Education and Universiti Sains Malaysia for their financial support in this research via 203.PHUMANITI.6711512 and the MyBrain15 scholarship.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nur Syazwani Abd Rahman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohd Firdaus Yhaya
    • 1
    Email author
  • Baharin Azahari
    • 1
  • Wan Ruslan Ismail
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Bioresource, Paper and Coatings Technology, School of Industrial TechnologyUniversiti Sains MalaysiaGeorge TownMalaysia
  2. 2.Section of Geography, School of HumanitiesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaGeorge TownMalaysia

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