Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 4423–4435 | Cite as

Effects of D-hot pretreatment on micro-distribution of residual lignin in sugarcane bagasse pulp and fiber properties

  • Haichuan Zhang
  • Chengrong Qin
  • Shuangxi Nie
  • Shuangfei Wang
Original Paper

Abstract

Pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse pulp by hot chlorine dioxide has been performed to study delignification and structural changes in lignocelluloses. The compositions of the products were measured by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The structure and morphology of the D-hot pretreated sugarcane bagasse pulps were characterized by FTIR, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, Metso Kajaani FS300 fiber analyzer and optical analyzer. Temperature played a crucial role in the lignin depolymerization and hemicellulose hydrolysis. The results show that the lignin content was reduced by 28.39% in the P layer and 20.93% in the S layer with increasing temperature from 60 to 95 °C. The resulting compositions of D-hot stage effluent were mainly including oxidized lignin and derivatives of furfural. Compared with the control, the category of oxidized lignin can be increased with D-hot pretreatment. Also, pretreated bagasse pulp has high brightness of 59.71% ISO, crystallinity index of 70.84%, L/W of 50.84 and outstanding optical properties. Therefore, bleached bagasse pulps might have the opportunities for further application in paper and paper-based materials.

Graphical Abstract

The graphical abstract showed that the changes of the crystallinity index (CrI), the brightness, and the L/W of the SCB pulp fibers with increasing reaction temperature from 60 to 95 °C. Also showed that the cross section of the single fiber and the region of P and S layer. EDS images of P and S layers for the unbleached SCB pulp, control pulp and D-hot bleached SCB pulps, the peaks corresponding to elemental carbon and oxygen were shown for the samples. In EDS, oxygen/carbon atom ratios and lignin mass in P and S layer of the unbleached pulp and bleached pulps were determined. The degradation products of lignin (1)–(3) in the control and degradation products (2)–(15) in the D-hot effluent were identified.

Keywords

Sugarcane bagasse pulp Hot chlorine dioxide pretreatment Oxidized lignin SEM–EDS GC–MS XRD 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31760192), the Scientific Research Foundation of Guangxi University (XGZ160166).

Supplementary material

10570_2018_1883_MOESM1_ESM.docx (110 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 109 kb)

References

  1. Abdennadher A, Vincent M, Budtova T (2016) Rheological properties of molten flax- and Tencel®-polypropylene composites: influence of fiber morphology and concentration. J Rheol 60:191–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beneventi D, Zeno E, Chaussy D (2015) Rapid nanopaper production by spray deposition of concentrated microfibrillated cellulose slurries. Ind Crop Prod 72:200–205.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.11.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown MA, El-Hadad AA, Mcgarvey BR, Sung RCW, Trikha AK, Tuck DG (2000) Comparative studies of electron transfer in orthoquinone derivatives of gallium, indium and thallium. Inorg Chim Acta 300–302:613–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Camassola M, Dillon AJ (2014) Effect of different pretreatment of sugar cane bagasse on cellulase and xylanases production by the mutant Penicillium echinulatum 9A02S1 grown in submerged culture. Biomed Res Int 2014:720–740.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/720740 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Djafari Petroudy SR, Syverud K, Chinga-Carrasco G, Ghasemain A, Resalati H (2014) Effects of bagasse microfibrillated cellulose and cationic polyacrylamide on key properties of bagasse paper. Carbohyd Polym 99:311–318.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.07.073 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Djafari Petroudy SR, Ghasemian A, Resalati H, Syverud K, Chinga-Carrasco G (2015) The effect of xylan on the fibrillation efficiency of DED bleached soda bagasse pulp and on nanopaper characteristics. Cellulose 22:385–395.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-014-0504-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Driemeier C, Mendes FM, Santucci BS, Pimenta MTB (2015) Cellulose co-crystallization and related phenomena occurring in hydrothermal treatment of sugarcane bagasse. Cellulose 22:2183–2195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Du H et al (2016) Preparation and characterization of thermally stable cellulose nanocrystals via a sustainable approach of FeCl 3 -catalyzed formic acid hydrolysis. Cellulose 23:2389–2407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. French AD (2014) Idealized powder diffraction patterns for cellulose polymorphs. Cellulose 21:885–896.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-013-0030-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. French AD, Santiago Cintrón M (2013) Cellulose polymorphy, crystallite size, and the Segal Crystallinity Index. Cellulose 20:583–588.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-012-9833-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gençer A, Onat SM, Can A, Özgül U, Sivrikaya H, Yurdakurban F (2016) Effect of sodium ascorbate on weathering performance of NaOH pulping and pape. Drewno 59:49–60Google Scholar
  12. Gharehkhani S, Sadeghinezhad E, Kazi SN, Yarmand H, Badarudin A, Safaei MR, Zubir MNM (2015) Basic effects of pulp refining on fiber properties—a review. Carbohyd Polym 115:785–803.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.08.047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Golbaghi L, Khamforoush M, Hatami T (2017) Carboxymethyl cellulose production from sugarcane bagasse with steam explosion pulping: experimental, modeling, and optimization. Carbohyd Polym 174:780–788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gunnarsson PI, Ljunggren SCH (1996) The kinetics of lignin reactions during chlorine dioxide bleaching. Part 1. Influence of pH and temperature on the reaction of 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanol with chlorine dioxide in aqueous solution. Collect Czech Chem Commun 31:3584–3592Google Scholar
  15. Jonoobi M, Oladi R, Davoudpour Y, Oksman K, Dufresne A, Hamzeh Y, Davoodi R (2015) Different preparation methods and properties of nanostructured cellulose from various natural resources and residues: a review. Cellulose 22:935–969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kamthai S, Magaraphan R (2017) Mechanical and barrier properties of spray dried carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) film from bleached bagasse pulp. Ind Crops Prod 109:753–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Karim MR, Islam MN, Malinen RO (2011) Response of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Acacia mangium kraft pulp in different ECF bleaching options. Wood Sci Technol 45:473–485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kishino M, Nakano T (2004) Artificial weathering of tropical woods. Part 2: color change. Holzforschung 21:381–565Google Scholar
  19. Kumar S, Mishra SP, Mishra OP, Bajpai P, Tripathi S, Bajpai PK, Varadhan R (2007) Hot chlorine dioxide versus conventional Do stage in ECF bleaching of kraft pulps. IPPTA Q J Indian Pulp Pap Tech Assoc 19:87–91Google Scholar
  20. Leão RM, Miléo PC, Jmll M, Luz SM (2017) Environmental and technical feasibility of cellulose nanocrystal manufacturing from sugarcane bagasse. Carbohyd Polym 175:518–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Leitner J, Zuckerstätter G, Schmied F, Kandelbauer A (2013) Modifications in the bulk and the surface of unbleached lignocellulosic fibers induced by heat treatment without water removal: effects on tensile properties of unrefined kraft pulp. Eur J Wood Wood Prod 71:101–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Leitner J, Saren M, Wöss K, Kandelbauer A (2014) On estimating local defects of softwood kraft fibers stained with congo red and assessed with a novel fiber analyzer. Ind Crops Prod 55:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lin L, Cao SL, Ma XJ, Huang LL, Luo XL, Chen LH (2014) Migration behavior of lignin during bamboo pre-hydrolysis. Arch Pharm 348:730–742Google Scholar
  24. Lin X, Wu Z, Zhang Chenyuan, Liu S, Nie S (2018) Enzymatic pulping of lignocellulosic biomass. Ind Crop Prod 120:16–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martínsampedro R, Rodríguez A, Ferrer A, Garcíafuentevilla LL, Eugenio ME (2012) Biobleaching of pulp from oil palm empty fruit bunches with laccase and xylanase. Biores Technol 110:371–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mohomane SM, Motaung TE, Revaprasadu N (2017) Thermal degradation kinetics of sugarcane bagasse and soft wood cellulose. Materials 10(1246):1–12Google Scholar
  27. Muguet MCDS, Gomes FJB, Ruuttunen K, Johansson LS, Jääskeläinen AS, Colodette JL, Vuorinen T (2014) Pulping-tailored fiber properties from a novel Brazilian Eucalyptus hybrid. Holzforschung 68:273–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nie S, Wu Z, Liu J, Liu X, Qin C, Song H, Wang S (2013) Optimization of AOX formation during the first chlorine dioxide bleaching stage (D0) of soda AQ bagasse pulp. Appita J 66:306–312Google Scholar
  29. Nie S et al (2014a) Kinetics study of oxidation of the lignin model compounds by chlorine dioxide. Chem Eng J 241:410–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nie S, Yao S, Qin C, Li K, Liu X, Wang L, Wang S (2014b) Kinetics of AOX formation in chlorine dioxide bleaching of bagasse pulp. BioResources 9:5604–5614CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nie S, Wang S, Qin C, Yao S, Ebonka JF, Song X, Li K (2015) Removal of hexenuronic acid by xylanase to reduce adsorbable organic halides formation in chlorine dioxide bleaching of bagasse pulp. Biores Technol 196:413–417.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.07.115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nie S, Zhang K, Lin X, Yan D, Liang H, Wang S (2018) Enzymatic pretreatment for the improvements of dispersion and film properties of cellulose nanofibrils. Carbohyd Polym 181:1136–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Osong SH, Norgren S, Engstrand P (2016) Processing of wood-based microfibrillated cellulose and nanofibrillated cellulose, and applications relating to papermaking: a review. Cellulose 23:93–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Pandey MP, Kim CS (2011) Lignin depolymerization and conversion: a review of thermochemical methods. Chem Eng Technol 34(1):29–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Segal LC, Creely J, Martin AEJ, Conrad CM (1959) An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the X-ray diffractometer. Text Res J 29:786–794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Singhal A, Jaiswal PK, Thakur IS (2015) Biopulping of bagasse by Cryptococcus albidus under partially sterilized conditions. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 97:143–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tarabanko VE, Petukhov DV, Selyutin GE (2004) New mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of lignin to vanillin. Kinet Catal 45(4):569–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tarvo V, Lehtimaa T, Kuitunen S, Alopaeus V, Vuorinen T, Aittamaa J (2010) A model for chlorine dioxide delignification of chemical pulp. J Wood Chem Technol 30:230–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ventorim G (2005) The fate of chlorine species during high temperature chlorine dioxide bleaching. Nord Pulp Pap Res J 20:007–011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ventorim G, Golodette JL, Gomes ADF, Silva LHMD (2008) Reaction rates of lignin and hexenuronic acids with chlorine dioxide, ozone, and sulfuric acid. Wood Fiber Sci J Soc Wood Sci Technol 40:190–201Google Scholar
  41. Wan C, Jiao Y, Li J (2017) Flexible, highly conductive, and free-standing reduced graphene oxide/polypyrrole/cellulose hybrid papers for supercapacitor electrodes. J Mater Chem A 5:3819–3831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yan Q, Sabo R, Wu Y, Zhu JY, Cai Z (2015) Self-assembled optically transparent cellulose nanofibril films: effect of nanofibril morphology and drying procedure. Cellulose 22:1091–1102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yao S, Nie S, Zhu H, Wang S, Song X, Qin C (2017) Extraction of hemicellulose by hot water to reduce adsorbable organic halogen formation in chlorine dioxide bleaching of bagasse pulp. Ind Crops Prod 96:178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zhang H, Nie S, Qin C, Bowers R (2017) Optimization of oxidative degradation of HexA during chlorine dioxide delignification of bagasse pulp. BioResources 12:8970–8985Google Scholar
  45. Zhang H, Nie S, Qin C, Zhang K, Wang S (2018) Effect of hot chlorine dioxide delignification on AOX in bagasse pulp wastewater. Cellulose 25:2037–2049.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-018-1670-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhuang XS, Qiang Y, Yuan ZH, Kong XY, Wei Q (2015) Effect of hydrothermal pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse on enzymatic digestibility. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 90:1515–1520CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Light Industry and Food EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Clean Pulp & Papermaking and Pollution ControlNanningPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations