Sugarcane bagasse fiber and its cellulose nanocrystals for polymer reinforcement and heavy metal adsorbent: a review
- 568 Downloads
The development of cellulose and nanocellulose based materials have been a subject of intense research in recent decades due to their renewability, high strength and stiffness, as well as environmental friendliness. Advancements in industrial biotechnology provide ample opportunities for economic utilization of cellulosic agro-residues such as sugarcane bagasse. Sugarcane bagasse (SCB) is an abundant fibrous waste of the sugarcane industry and it is normally used for animal feed, enzymes, paper and biofuel conversion application. Due to its high cellulose content (40–50%), SCB is a good source of cellulose fiber for the synthesis of cellulose nanocrystals. This review reports recent developments, current results and trends in the field of sugarcane bagasse fiber (SCBF) and sugarcane bagasse fiber cellulose nanocrystals (SBFCNC) as a green material in the manufacturing of composite materials and heavy metal adsorbent. Herein, the preparation methods and properties of the SCBF and SBFCNC composites are discussed. The reinforcing abilities of the SCBF and SBFCNC in various polymers are summarized. Also, the potential applications of SBFCNC as heavy metal adsorbent are documented. These demonstrated that we can widen the application of cellulose nanocrystals (synthesized from agriculture waste) while contribute to the sustainable development of the related products.
KeywordsSugarcane bagasse Cellulose nanocrystals Composite materials Heavy metal adsorbent
This study was funded by Universiti Sains Malaysia Research University Grant (Grant No. 1001/PBAHAN/8014024).
- Henrique MA, Flauzino Neto WP, Silvério HA, Martins DF, Gurgel LVA, da Silva Barud H, de Morais LC, Pasquini D (2015) Kinetic study of the thermal decomposition of cellulose nanocrystals with different polymorphs, cellulose I and II, extracted from different sources and using different types of acids. Ind Crops Prod 76:128–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kumar A, Negi YS, Choudhary V, Bhardwaj NK (2014) Characterization of cellulose nanocrystals produced by acid-hydrolysis from sugarcane bagasse as agro-waste. J Mater Phys Chem 2:1–8Google Scholar
- Malaysian DOE (2017) Malaysia marine water quality criteria and standard. https://www.doe.gov.my/portalv1/en/info-umum/piawaian-dan-kriteria-kualiti-air-marin-malaysia/301. Accessed 10 Jan 2018
- Mandal A, Chakrabarty D (2015b) Synthesis and characterization of nanocellulose reinforced full-interpenetrating polymer network based on poly(vinyl alcohol) and polyacrylamide (both crosslinked) composite films. Polym Compos 35:1720–1731Google Scholar
- Pereira PHF, Voorwald HCJ, Cioffi MOH, Mulinari DR, Luz SMD, Silva MLCP (2011) Sugarcane bagasse pulping and bleaching: thermal and chemical characterization. BioResources 6:2471–2482Google Scholar
- Pranata Putra W, Kamari A, Najiah Mohd Yusoff S, Fauziah Ishak C, Mohamed A, Hashim N, Illyas Md Isa (2014) Biosorption of Cu(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) ions from aqueous solutions using selected waste materials: adsorption and characterisation studies. J Encapsul Adsorpt Sci 4:25–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ramos SNdC, Xavier ALP, Teodoro FS, Elias MMC, Gonçalves FJ, Gil LF, de Freitas RP, Gurgel LVA (2015) Modeling mono- and multi-component adsorption of cobalt(II), copper(II), and nickel(II) metal ions from aqueous solution onto a new carboxylated sugarcane bagasse Part I: batch adsorption study. Ind Crops Prod 74:357–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sen M, Dastidar MG (2010) Adsorption-desorption studies on Cr(VI) using non-living fungal biomass. Asian J Chem 22:2331–2338Google Scholar
- WHO (2004) Copper in drinking water: Background document for development of WHO guidelines for drinking water quality. http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/chemicals/copper.pdf. Accessed 17 Dec 2017