, Volume 24, Issue 12, pp 5371–5387 | Cite as

Esterification of bagasse cellulose with metal salts as efficient catalyst in mechanical activation-assisted solid phase reaction system

  • Tao Gan
  • Yanjuan Zhang
  • Yang Su
  • Huayu Hu
  • Aimin Huang
  • Zuqiang Huang
  • Dong Chen
  • Mei Yang
  • Juan Wu
Original Paper


The present study focused on investigating the catalytic mechanism of metal salts (sodium hypophosphite, sodium bisulfate and ammonium ferric sulfate) for esterification of bagasse cellulose carried out by mechanical activation-assisted solid phase reaction in a stirring ball mill. FTIR analysis of the products confirmed that these metal salts could catalyze the esterification of cellulose. XRD, SEM, FTIR, and 31P-NMR analyses of different samples indicated a synergistic effect between metal salt and ball milling, and the presence of metal salts enhanced the destruction on crystal structure of cellulose by mechanical force. The catalytic mechanism of three metal salts was difference: sodium bisulfate and ammonium ferric sulfate belonged to the catalytic mechanism of protonic acid and Lewis acid, respectively, while the catalytic mechanism of sodium hypophosphite was considered as that it could react with maleic acid to form active intermediates under ball milling.


Cellulose Esterification Metal salt Catalytic mechanism Mechanical activation 



This research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51463003 and 21666005), the Guangxi Science and Technology Plan Project of China (Grant No. AB16380305), Guangxi Distinguished Experts Special Foundation of China, and the Scientific Research Foundation of Guangxi University (Grant No. XJPZ160713).

Supplementary material

10570_2017_1524_MOESM1_ESM.docx (42 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 42 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tao Gan
    • 1
  • Yanjuan Zhang
    • 1
  • Yang Su
    • 1
  • Huayu Hu
    • 1
  • Aimin Huang
    • 1
  • Zuqiang Huang
    • 1
  • Dong Chen
    • 2
  • Mei Yang
    • 1
  • Juan Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Non-Food Biomass and Enzyme TechnologyGuangxi Academy of SciencesNanningChina

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