Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Controlled release of microencapsulated citronella essential oil on cotton and polyester matrices

  • 1367 Accesses

  • 24 Citations

Abstract

Microencapsulated finishes are an important element in the development of new textiles. In this context, a large area to be explored is microencapsulation of essential oils in textiles. This technique offers the possibility of developing new products with many advantages over traditional fabrics, as traditional finishing may be ineffective for reasons related to uncontrolled release of the active principle while microencapsulation aims to achieve increased duration of the finishing effect. However, many studies present only the application of microcapsules in a textile but do not report how the release of the encapsulated material occurs or the influence of the textile matrix. This paper reports the mechanism and kinetics of controlled release of microencapsulated citronella oil in cotton and polyester. The microencapsulation was done by complex coacervation with gelatin and gum Arabic as shell materials. The resulting microcapsules were analyzed by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic light scattering. They were then applied in cotton and polyester and evaluated by attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Finally, the controlled release of citronella from the microcapsules deposited on the fabrics was studied in vitro. It was found that the release was directly influenced by the type of fiber: the microcapsules in polyester showed diffusion by a Fickian mechanism, while a non-Fickian kinetic model fit for the modified cotton. Comprehension of such controlled release processes is fundamental for achieving and developing more durable finishing effects.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. Al-Shannaq R, Farid M, Al-Muhtaseb S, Kurdi J (2015) Emulsion stability and cross-linking of PMMA microcapsules containing phase change materials. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 132:311–318

  2. Annan NT, Borza AD, Hansen LT (2008) Encapsulation in alginate-coated gelatin microspheres improves survival of the probiotic Bifidobacterium adolescentis 15703t during exposure to simulated gastro-intestinal conditions. Food Res Int 41:184–193

  3. Carreras N, Acuna V, Martí M, Lis MJ (2013) Drug release system of ibuprofen in PCL-microspheres. Colloid Polym Sci 291:157–165

  4. Chatterjee S, Salaün F, Campagne C (2014) Development of multilayer microcapsules by a phase coacervation method based on ionic interactions for textile applications. Pharmaceutics 6:281–297

  5. Cheng SY, Yuen MCW, Kan CW, Cheuk KKL, Chui CH, Lam KH (2009) Cosmetic textiles with biological benefits: gelatin microcapsules containing vitamin C. Int J Mol Med 24:411–419

  6. Dash S, Murthy PN, Nath L, Chowdhury P (2010) Kinetic modeling on drug release from controlled drug delivery systems. Acta Pol Pharm 67:217–223

  7. Desai KGH, Park HJ (2005) Recent developments in microencapsulation of food ingredients. Dry Technol 23:1361–1394

  8. El Asbahani A, Miladi K, Badri W, Sala M, Aït Addi EH, Casabianca H, El Mousadik A, Hartmann D, Jilale A, Renaud FNR, Elaissari A (2015) Essential oils: from extraction to encapsulation. Int J Pharm 483:220–243

  9. Feczkó T, Kokol V, Vončina B (2010) Preparation and characterization of ethylcellulose-based microcapsules for sustaining release of a model fragrante. Macromol Res 18:636–640

  10. Fei X, Zhao H, Zhang B, Cao L, Yu M, Zhou J, Yu L (2015) Microencapsulation mechanism and size control of fragrance microcapsules with melamine resin shell. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 469:300–306

  11. Fité FJC (1995) Dying polyester at low temperatures: kinetics of dying with disperse dyes. Text Res J 65:268–362

  12. Frederiksen HK, Kristensen GH, Pedersen M (2003) Solid lipid microparticle formulations of the pyrethroid gamma-cyhalothrin—incompatibility of the lipid and the pyrethroid and biological properties of the formulations. J Control Release 86:243–252

  13. Gillij YG, Gleiser RM, Zygadlo JA (2008) Mosquito repellent activity of essential oils of aromatic plants growing in Argentina. Bioresour Technol 99:2507–2515

  14. Hassan MM, Sunderland M (2015) Antimicrobial and insect-resist wool fabrics by coating with microencapsulated antimicrobial and insect-resist agents. Prog Org Coat 85:221–229

  15. Higuchi T (1963) Mechanism of sustained-action medication. Theoretical analysis of rate of release of solid drugs dispersed in solid matrices. J Pharm Sci 52:1145–1149

  16. Hsieh W, Chang C, Gao Y (2006) Controlled release properties of chitosan encapsulated volatile citronella oil microcapsules by thermal treatments. Colloid Surf B 53:209–214

  17. Jamekhorshid A, Sadrameli SM, Farid M (2014) A review of microencapsulation methods of phase change materials (PCMs) as a thermal energy storage (TES) medium. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 31:531–542

  18. Karaman S, Digrak M, Ravid U, Ilcim A (2001) Antibacterial and antifungal activity of the essential oils of Thymus revolutus Celak from Turkey. J Ethnopharmacol 76:183–186

  19. Korsmeyer RW, Gurny R, Doelker E, Buri P, Peppas NA (1985) Mechanisms of solute release from porous hydrophilic polymers. Int J Pharm 15:25–35

  20. Krishnan S, Kshirsagar AC, Singhal RS (2005) The use of gum Arabic and modified starch in the microencapsulation of a food flavoring agent. Carbohydr Polym 62:309–315

  21. Leclercq S, Harlander KR, Reineccius GA (2009) Formation and characterization of microcapsules by complex coacervation with liquid or solid aroma cores. Flavour Fragr J 24:17–24

  22. Lee PI (1985) Kinetics of drug release from hydrogel matrices. J Control Release 2:277–288

  23. Li L, Song L, Hua T, Au WM, Wong KS (2013) Characteristics of weaving parameters in microcapsule fabrics and their influence on loading capability. Text Res J 83:113–121

  24. Lopes WA, Fascio M (2004) Esquema para interpretação de espectros de substâncias orgâmicas na região do infravermelho. Quím 27:670–673

  25. Lv Y, Zhang X, Zhang H, Abbas S, Karangwa E (2013) The study of pH-dependent complexation between gelatin and gum arabic by morphology evolution and conformational transition. Food Hydrocoll 30:323–332

  26. Lv Y, Yang F, Li X, Zhang X, Abbas S (2014) Formation of heat-resistant nanocapsules of jasmine essential oil via gelatin/gum arabic based complex coacervation. Food Hydrocoll 35:305–314

  27. Ma ZH, Yu DG, Branford-White CJ (2009) Microencapsulation of tamoxifen: application to cotton fabric. Colloid Surface B 69:85–90

  28. Martin A, Tabary N, Leclercq L, Junthip J, Degoutin S, Aubert-Viard F, Cazaux F, Lyskawa J, Janus L, Bria M, Martel B (2013) Multilayered textile coating based on a β-cyclodextrin polyelectrolyte for the controlled release of drugs. Carbohydr Polym 93:718–730

  29. Martins IM, Barreiro MF, Coelho M, Rodrigues AE (2014) Microencapsulation of essential oils with biodegradable polymeric carriers for cosmetic applications. Chem Eng J 245:191–200

  30. Nelson G (2002) Application of microencapsulation in textiles. Int J Pharm 242:55–62

  31. Nesterenko A, Alric I, Silvestre F, Durrieua V (2013) Vegetable proteins in microencapsulation: a review of recent interventions and their effectiveness. Ind Crop Prod 42:469–479

  32. Otálora MC, Carriazo JG, Iturriaga L, Nazareno MA, Osorio C (2015) Microencapsulation of betalains obtained from cactos fruit (Opuntia fícus-indica) by spray drying using cactus cladode mucilage and maltodextrin as encapsulating agents. Food Chem 187:174–181

  33. Özdemir K, Gökmen V (2015) Effect of microencapsulation on the reactivity of ascorbic acid, sodium chloride and vanillin during heating. J Food Eng 167:204–209

  34. Piacentini E, Giorno L, Dragosavac MM, Vladisavljevic GT, Holdich RG (2013) Microencapsulation of oil droplets using cold water fish gelatine/gum arabic complex coacervation by membrane emulsification. Food Res Int 53:362–372

  35. Prajapati V, Tripathi AK, Aggarwal KK, Khanuja SPS (2005) Insecticidal, repellent and oviposition-deterrent activity of selected essential oils against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. Bioresour Technol 96:1749–1757

  36. Prata AS, Grosso CRF (2015) Production of microparticles with gelatin and chitosan. Carbohyd Polym 116:292–299

  37. Qv XY, Zeng ZP, Jiang JG (2005) Preparation of lutein microencapsulation by complex coacervation method and its physicochemical properties and stability. Food Hydrocoll 25:1596–1603

  38. Rocha-Selmi GA, Bozza FT, Thomazini M, Bolini HMA, Fávaro-Trindade CS (2013) Microencapsulation of aspartame by double emulsion followed by complex coacervation to provide protection and prolong sweetness. Food Chem 139:72–78

  39. Rubio L, Alonso C, Coderch L, Parra JL, Martí M, Cebrián J, Navarro JA, Lis M, Valldeperas J (2010) Skin delivery of caffeine contained in biofunctional textiles. Text Res J 80:1214–1221

  40. Salem V (2010) Tingimentos têxteis: fibras, conceitos e tecnologias. Blucher, São Paulo

  41. Sanchez P, Sanchez-Fernandez MV, Romero A (2010) Development of thermoregulating textiles using paraffin wax microcapsules. Thermochim Acta 498:16–21

  42. Shahid-ul-Islam Shaid M, Mohammad F (2013) Perspectives for natural product based agents derived from industrial plants in textile applications—a review. J Clean Prod 57:2–18

  43. Shimokawa K, Saegusa K, Wada Y, Ishii F (2013) Physicochemical properties and controlled drug release of microcapsules prepared by simple coacervation. Colloids Surf B 104:1–4

  44. Shukla P, Rajagoplan N, Sivaram S (1993) Starch urea–formaldehyde matrix encapsulation IV. influence of solubility and physical state of encapsulant on rate and mechanism of release. J Appl Polym Sci 7:1209–1222

  45. Silvestrin RM, Alecastro RB (2007) Identificação espectrométrica de compostos orgânico, Rio de Janeiro: Livros Técnicos e Científicos 429:2007

  46. Solomon B, Sahle FF, Gebre-Mariam T, Asres K, Neubert RHH (2012) Microencapsulation of citronella oil for mosquito-repellent application: formulation and in vitro permeation studies. Eur J Pharm Biopharm 80:61–66

  47. Sóti PL, Nagy ZK, Serneels G, Vajna B, Farkas A, Gucht FV, Fekete P, Vigh T, Wagner I, Balogh A, Pataki H, Mezö G, Marosi G (2015) Preparation and comparison of spray dried and electrospun bioresorbable drug delivery systems. Eur Polym J 68:671–679

  48. Souza FN, Gebara C, Ribeiro MCE, Chaves KS, Gigante ML, Grosso CRF (2012) Production and characterization of microparticles containing pectin and whey proteins. Food Res Int 49:560–566

  49. Specos MMM, Garcia JJ, Tornesello J, Marino P, Della Vecchia M, Defain Tesoriero MV, Hermida LG (2010) Microencapsulated citronella oil for mosquito repellent finishing of cotton textiles. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:653–658

  50. Torini L, Argillier JF, Zydowicz N (2005) Interfacial polycondensation encapsulation in miniemulsion. Macromolecules 38:3225–3236

  51. Tzhayik O, Cavaco-Paulo A, Gedanken A (2012) Fragrance release profile from sonochemically prepared protein microsphere containers. Ultrason Sonochem 19:858–863

  52. Wang JM, Zheng W, Song QW, Zhu H, Zhou Y (2009) Preparation and characterization of natural fragrant microcapsules. J Fiber Bioeng Inform 4:293–300

  53. Wang B, Adhikari B, Barrow CJ (2014) Optimisation of the microencapsulation of tuna oil in gelatin-sodium hexametaphosphate using complex coacervation. Food Chem 158:358–365

  54. Yang Z, Peng Z, Li J, Li S, Kong L, Li P, Wang Q (2014) Development and evaluation of novel flavor microcapsules containing vanilla oil using complex coacervation approach. Food Chem 145:272–277

  55. Zimet P, Livney YD (2009) Beta-lactoglobulin and its nanocomplexes with pectin as vehicles for ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Food Hydrocoll 23:1120–1126

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Fabricio Maestá Bezerra.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bezerra, F.M., Carmona, O.G., Carmona, C.G. et al. Controlled release of microencapsulated citronella essential oil on cotton and polyester matrices. Cellulose 23, 1459–1470 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-016-0882-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cotton
  • Polyester
  • Citronella
  • Microcapsules
  • Controlled release