Cellulose

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 901–913 | Cite as

Application of chemometric analysis to infrared spectroscopy for the identification of wood origin

  • Ara Carballo-Meilán
  • Adrian M. Goodman
  • Mark G. Baron
  • Jose Gonzalez-Rodriguez
Original Paper

Abstract

In this study, the chemical characteristics of wood are used for plant taxonomic classification based on the current Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification (APG III System) for the division, class and subclass of woody plants. Infrared spectra contain information about the molecular structure and intermolecular interactions among the components in wood, but the understanding of this information requires multivariate techniques for the analysis of highly dense data sets. This article is written with the purposes of specifying the chemical differences among taxonomic groups and predicting the taxa of unknown samples with a mathematical model. Principal component analysis, t test, stepwise discriminant analysis and linear discriminant analysis were some of the multivariate techniques chosen. A procedure to determine the division, class, subclass and order of unknown samples was built with promising implications for future applications of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in wood taxonomy classification.

Keywords

Plant taxonomy classification Infrared spectroscopy Multivariate analysis Wood Angiosperm Gymnosperm 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ara Carballo-Meilán
    • 1
  • Adrian M. Goodman
    • 2
  • Mark G. Baron
    • 3
  • Jose Gonzalez-Rodriguez
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of LoughboroughLoughboroughUK
  2. 2.School of Life SciencesUniversity of LincolnLincolnUK
  3. 3.School of ChemistryUniversity of LincolnLincolnUK

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