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Cellulose

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 3077–3087 | Cite as

Influence of temperature on the solution rheology of cellulose in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride/dimethyl sulfoxide

  • Fei Lu
  • Lejun Wang
  • Chao Zhang
  • Bowen Cheng
  • Ruigang LiuEmail author
  • Yong HuangEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Rheological properties of cellulose solutions in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride/dimethyl sulfoxide ([Emim]Cl/DMSO, 7/3, w/w) in a wide range of concentration and temperature were investigated. The viscosity of cellulose/[Emim]Cl/DMSO solution agrees well with the complex viscosity suggesting Cox–Merz law is valid for the solution. The viscosity contributed by cellulose (η 0η s ) and cellulose concentration (c) scales as (η 0η s )~c n with n in the range of 2.00–1.57 and 4.52–3.79 in semidilute unentangled and semidilute entangled regimes, respectively, in the temperature of 25–100 °C. Intrinsic viscosity of the solutions remains constant at temperature below 60 °C and decreases linearly with the increase of temperature above 60 °C. The activation energy of cellulose/[Emim]Cl/DMSO solution increases with the increase in cellulose concentration. The chain dynamics of cellulose in [Emim]Cl/DMSO follows Zimm model and Rouse model in dilute regime (lower than 0.5 wt%) and semidilute unentangled regime (between 0.5 and 2 wt%), respectively.

Keywords

Cellulose ILs/DMSO Solution structure Intrinsic viscosity Chain dynamics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21274154, 51473174, and 51373191) are gratefully appreciated.

Supplementary material

10570_2015_740_MOESM1_ESM.doc (102 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 102 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sate Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Beijing National Laboratory of Molecular Sciences, Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane ProcessesTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.National Research Center for Engineering Plastics, Technical Institute of Physics & ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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