Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 3359–3375 | Cite as

Isolation of phenolic compounds from larch wood waste using pressurized hot water: extraction, analysis and economic evaluation

  • Matej Ravber
  • Željko Knez
  • Mojca Škerget
Original Paper

Abstract

The main aim of this study was to evaluate pressurized hot water as a green and environmentally friendly extraction medium for the isolation of phenolic compounds from larch waste wood. Such isolates could find applications in the food, feed, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries or as natural ingredients for adhesives or biocidal coatings in the wood industry. In the first step different larch wood fractions were extracted using batch system aiming to determine the most suitable fraction for isolation. The content of extractives, total phenolic and tannin content of obtained extracts and their antioxidant activity were evaluated. Secondly, semi-continuous operation was applied, where effects of temperature, addition of ethanol and flow rate were studied. Extraction yield was monitored and extracts were again analyzed for their total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. HPLC analysis was performed, in order to study the effect of temperature and addition of ethanol on the hydrothermal degradation of phenolics during semi-continuous operation. Finally, the economics of pilot-scale and industrial-scale processes with different extractor capacities, ranging from approximately 12 to 1200 kg of woody material per day and operating at optimal conditions for isolation of larch wood extractives was evaluated, in order to determine the cost of manufacturing of such a product.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Pressurized hot water extraction Larch wood waste Phenolic compounds Hydrothermal degradation Economic evaluation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to the Slovenian Ministry of High Education, Science and Technology for the financial support of this work. This paper was produced within the framework of the operation entitled “Centre of Open innovation and ResEarch of University of Maribor (CORE@UM)”.

Supplementary material

10570_2015_719_MOESM1_ESM.rar (125 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (RAR 125 kb)

References

  1. Abdelmoez W, Yoshida H (2006) Simulation of fast reactions in batch reactors under sub-critical water condition. AIChE J 52:3600–3611. doi: 10.1002/aic.10970 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Asghari FS, Yoshida H (2010) Conversion of Japanese red pine wood (Pinus densiflora) into valuable chemicals under subcritical water conditions. Carbohydr Res 345:124–131. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2009.10.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Babkin VA, Malkov YA, Medvedeva EN, Trofimova NN, Ivanova NV (2012) An eco-friendly technology for polysaccharide production from logging and sawing waste. Russ J Gen Chem 82:955–962. doi: 10.1134/S1070363212050283 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bermejo MD, Cocero MJ (2006) Supercritical water oxidation: a technical review. AIChE J 52:3933–3951. doi: 10.1002/aic.10993 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buchner N, Krumbein A, Rohn S, Kroh LW (2006) Effect of thermal processing on the flavonols rutin and quercetin. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 20:3229–3235. doi: 10.1002/rcm.2720 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chalupa V (1991) Larch (Larix decidua Mill.). In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Trees III, vol 16. Spinger, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 446–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clifford AA (2008) Change of water properties with temperature. Critical Processes. http://www.criticalprocesses.com/Use%20of%20enthalpies%20to%20calculate%20energy%20needed.htm. Accessed on 6 Sept 2014
  8. Demenkova LI, Ivanova EE, Shmidt ÉN (1993) Extractive substances of the bark of Larix sibirica growing in the Altai. Chem Nat Compd 29:679–680. doi: 10.1007/BF00630226 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Feng S, Cheng S, Yuan Z, Leitch M, Xu C (2013) Valorization of bark for chemicals and materials: a review. Renew Sust Energy Rev 26:560–578. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.06.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gierlinger N, Jacques D, Schwanninger M, Wimmer R, Pâques L (2004) Heartwood extractives and lignin content of different larch species (Larix sp.) and relationships to brown-rot decay-resistance. Trees 18:230–236. doi: 10.1007/s00468-003-0300-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hartonen K, Parshintsev J, Sandberg K, Bergelin E, Nisula L, Riekkola ML (2007) Isolation of flavonoids from aspen knotwood by pressurized hot water extraction and comparison with other extraction techniques. Talanta 74:32–38. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2007.05.040 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ivanova SZ, Gorshkov AG, Kuzmin AV, Gordienko II, Babkin VA (2012) Phenolic compounds of Siberian and Dahurian larch phloem Russ J. Bioorg Chem 38:769–774. doi: 10.1134/S1068162012070096 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kulkarni YA, Gokhale SB, Yele SU, Surana SJ, Tatiya AU (2011) Pharmacognostical studies and preliminary phytochemical investigations on the bark of Persea macrantha (Nees) Kosterm (Lauraceae) Ind J. Nat Prod Res 2:211–217Google Scholar
  14. Laireiter CM, Schnabel T, Köck A, Stalzer P, Petutschnigg A, Oostingh GJ, Hell M (2013) Active anti-microbial effects of larch and pine wood on four bacterial strains. Bioresources 9:273–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ma C, Yang L, Wang W, Yang F, Zhao C, Zu Y (2012) Extraction of dihydroquercetin from Larix gmelinii with ultrasound-assisted and microwave-assisted alternant digestion. Int J Mol Sci 13:8789–8804. doi: 10.3390/ijms13078789 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Majhenič L, Škerget M, Knez Ž (2007) Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of guarana seed extracts. Food Chem 104:1258–1268. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.01.074 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Niazi A, Dai JS, Balabani S, Seneviratne L (2005) Product cost estimation: technique classification and methodology review. J Manuf Sci Eng 128:563–575. doi: 10.1115/1.2137750 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ostroukhova LA, Raldugin VA, Babkin VA, Onuchina NA, Levchuk AA (2012) Investigation of the chemical composition of larch wood resin Russ J. Bioorg Chem 38:775–779. doi: 10.1134/S1068162012070151 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pavlovič I, Knez Ž, Škerget M (2013) Hydrothermal reactions of agricultural and food processing wastes in sub- and supercritical water: a review of fundamentals, mechanisms, and state of research. J Agric Food Chem 61:8003–8025. doi: 10.1021/jf401008a CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Petridis GK (2011) Tannins: types, foods containing, and nutrition. Food Science and Technology, Nova Science Publishers, HauppaugeGoogle Scholar
  21. Pferschy-Wenzig EM, Kunert O, Presser A, Bauer R (2008) In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of larch (Larix decidua L.) sawdust. J Agric Food Chem 56:11688–11693. doi: 10.1021/jf8024002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ravber M, Knez Ž, Škerget M (2015) Simultaneous extraction of oil- and water-soluble phase from sunflower seeds with subcritical water. Food Chem 166:316–323. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.06.025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Romero C (2012) http://www.ecology.info/bark-ecology.htm. Accessed on 7 Oct 2014
  24. Rowe JW (1989) Natural products of woody plants: chemicals extraneous to the lignocellulosic cell wall, vol 1. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Seider WD, Seader JD, Lewin DR (2009) Product and process design principles: synthesis, analysis and evaluation. Wiley United States of America Pvt. Limited, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  26. Teo CC, Tan SN, Yong JW, Hew CS, Ong ES (2010) Pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE). J Chromatogr A 1217:2484–2494. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.12.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Veggi PC, Cavalcanti RN, Meireles MAA (2014) Production of phenolic-rich extracts from Brazilian plants using supercritical and subcritical fluid extraction: experimental data and economic evaluation. J Food Eng 131:96–109. doi: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2014.01.027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wen-jie W, Xue-ying L, Yuan-gang Z (2005) Dynamic feature of flavonoids content in different organs of larch (Larix gmelinii). J For Res 16:89–92. doi: 10.1007/BF02857896 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Willfőr SM et al (2003) Antioxidant activity of knotwood extractives and phenolic compounds of selected tree species. J Agric Food Chem 51:7600–7606. doi: 10.1021/jf030445h CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zule J, Kozjan G (2008) Polifenoli v različnih vrstah macesna (Larix spp.) = Polyphenols in different larch (Larix spp.) species. Zb gozd lesar 86:51–58Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia

Personalised recommendations