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Cellulose

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 3897–3912 | Cite as

Conformational analysis of cellulose acetate in the dense amorphous state

  • Anthony Bocahut
  • Jean-Yves Delannoy
  • Caroll Vergelati
  • Karim Mazeau
Original Paper

Abstract

Atomistic simulations of cellulose acetates (CAs) differing in their degree of substitution have been performed and analyzed in terms of conformation and interaction schemes. The stabilization of the structure of these cellulose derivatives is understood as a subtle balance between hydrogen bonds and the dipolar acetate-acetate interactions that are associated with important changes in the macromolecular conformation. On the one hand, cellulose and cellulose triacetate (CTA) are characterized by a single stabilization process (H-bonds and dipolar interactions respectively), showing a similar structure in their melt phase together with similar radii of gyration. On the other hand partially acetylated CAs combine both the conformational properties of cellulose and CTA but present an unexpected conformational domain, named C2, which induces a local hydrophobic pocket. These CAs are also further stabilized by hydrogen bonds between the hydroxyl and acetyl groups. Although idealized, the proposed models are realistic since they are in good agreement with literature experimental results.

Keywords

Cellulose Cellulose acetate Amorphous Conformation Dipole interaction Hydrogen bonds 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors want to acknowledge fruitful discussions with D. Long (LPMA, Lyon), A. Fabre and P-Y. Lahary (Solvay Lyon) and L. Heux, Y. Nishiyama and H. Chanzy (CERMAV). Support from the IT teams of Solvay was highly appreciated for the organization of simulations.

Supplementary material

10570_2014_399_MOESM1_ESM.doc (522 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 522 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Bocahut
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jean-Yves Delannoy
    • 3
  • Caroll Vergelati
    • 3
  • Karim Mazeau
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CERMAVUniversity of Grenoble AlpesGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.CERMAVCNRSGrenobleFrance
  3. 3.ARTI/APMDR&I Center LyonSaint FonsFrance

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