Development of cellulose nanowhisker-polyacrylamide copolymer as a highly functional precursor in the synthesis of nanometal particles for conductive textiles
- 487 Downloads
Herein we present extensive studies that were undertaken to develop a new copolymer with distinctive characteristics for utilization in different applications particularly in conductive textiles. The copolymer is based on graft polymerization of cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs) with acrylamide and therefore nominated CNW-polyacrylamide (PAAm) copolymer. Development of this copolymer comprises preparation of CNWs from purified cotton sliver as per the acid hydrolysis method, followed by copolymerization of the freshly prepared CNWs with AAm at different feeding ratios for the sake of product optimization in the presence of K2S2O8 as initiator. Thus, obtained CNW-PAAm copolymers were characterized by making use of the proper instruments and analysis facilities. Following this, the newly prepared and promising copolymer was selected and used as a precursor in the green synthesis of silver and copper nanoparticles. The crystal nature of CNWs as cellulose I remains unaltered after copolymerization, but the crystallinity decreases. According to thermal gravimetric analysis, the copolymer is much more thermally stable than CNWs. The CNW-PAAm copolymer can be used successfully as a highly functional, effective and adequate precursor for green synthesis of silver and copper nanoparticles as shown by UV-Vis spectral analysis and transmission electron microscopy micrographs. A multi-branched shape and hyperbranched shape-like tree involving silver nanoparticles and the PAAm graft of the copolymer are formed. Furthermore, Cu nanoparticles are chosen as a candidate for conductive fabrics application.
KeywordsCellulose nanowhiskers Polyacrylamide Graft polymerization Silver nanoparticles Copper nanoparticles
- Ahmad MB, Tay MY, Shameli K, Hussein MZ, Lim JJ (2011) Green synthesis and characterization of silver/chitosan/polyethylene glycol nanocomposites without any reducing agent. Int J Mol Sci 12(8). doi: 10.3390/ijms12084872
- Hasani M, Cranston ED, Westman G, Gray DG (2008) Cationic surface functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals. Soft Matter 4(11):2238–2244. doi: 10.1039/b806789a
- Ljungberg N, Bonini C, Bortolussi F, Boisson C, Heux L, Cavaille JY (2005) New nanocomposite materials reinforced with cellulose whiskers in atactic polypropylene: effect of surface and dispersion characteristics. Biomacromolecules 6(5):2732–2739Google Scholar
- Pham LQ, Sohn JH, Kim CW, Park JH, Kang HS, Lee BC, Kang YS (2012) Copper nanoparticles incorporated with conducting polymer: effects of copper concentration and surfactants on the stability and conductivity. J Colloid Interface Sci 365(1):103–109. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.09.041 CrossRefGoogle Scholar