, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 1489–1503 | Cite as

The effect of Fenton chemistry on the properties of microfibrillated cellulose

  • Pia HellströmEmail author
  • Anette Heijnesson-Hultén
  • Magnus Paulsson
  • Helena Håkansson
  • Ulf Germgård
Original Paper


A fully bleached birch kraft pulp was treated with acidic hydrogen peroxide in the presence of ferrous ions (Fenton’s reagent) and thereafter treated mechanically in a colloid mill to produce a product containing microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). The produced MFC products were chemically and morphologically characterized and compared with MFC products produced without pretreatment as well as with enzymatic hydrolysis. Fenton treatment resulted in an increase in total charge and number of carbonyl groups while the intrinsic viscosity decreased. The Fenton treated pulps were easier to process mechanically i.e. they reached a higher specific surface area at a given mechanical treatment time and the MFC produced had a stable water-fibre suspension for at least 8 weeks compared to enzymatic pretreated pulps and pulps not subjected to any pretreatment.


Microfibrillated cellulose Fenton chemistry Enzymatic hydrolysis Carbonyl groups Carbohydrate composition Total and surface charge Suspension stability 



This study was performed as a part of the multidisciplinary Industrial Graduate School VIPP—Values Created in Fibre Based Processes and Products—at Karlstad University, with the financial support from the Knowledge Foundation, Sweden. Christer Burman of Karlstad University is gratefully acknowledged for his help with the scanning electron microscopy study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pia Hellström
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Anette Heijnesson-Hultén
    • 1
  • Magnus Paulsson
    • 1
    • 3
  • Helena Håkansson
    • 2
  • Ulf Germgård
    • 2
  1. 1.AkzoNobel Pulp and Performance ChemicalsBohusSweden
  2. 2.Department of Engineering and Chemical SciencesKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden
  3. 3.FSCNMid Sweden UniversitySundsvallSweden

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