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Cellulose

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 1639–1648 | Cite as

Dielectric properties of lignin and glucomannan as determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and Lifshitz estimates of non-retarded Hamaker constants

  • Rebecca HollertzEmail author
  • Hans Arwin
  • Bertrand Faure
  • Yujia Zhang
  • Lennart Bergström
  • Lars WågbergEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

We present in this study a quantitative estimate of the dispersive interactions between lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose, which are the dominating components in wood and also extensively used to produce paper and packaging materials. The dielectric properties in the UV-visible region of spin-coated films of pure lignin and glucomannan were determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry. The non-retarded Hamaker constants were estimated from the determined spectral parameters using Lifshitz theory for lignin and glucomannan interacting with cellulose, titania and calcium carbonate in vacuum, water and hexane. The Hamaker constants for the different combinations of cellulose, lignin and glucomannan fall within a relatively narrow range of 35–58 and 8–17 zJ, for the values in vacuum (air) and water, respectively. The estimated Hamaker constants for the interactions of the wood components with TiO2 and CaCO3, common additives in paper, in water range from 3 to 19 zJ, thus being similar in magnitude as the interactions between the wood components themselves. In contrast, the Hamaker constant is essentially zero for glucomannan interacting with calcium carbonate in hexane. The Hamaker constants for lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose determined in this study can provide information regarding the surface interactions important for e.g. adhesion, friction, swelling and wetting in paper processing as well as for the resulting behavior of paper products.

Keywords

Glucomannan Lignin Cellulose Spectroscopic ellipsometry Dispersion forces Hamaker constant 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is part of a project about cellulose based electrical insulation funded by ABB AB and the Swedish Energy Agency through the ELEKTRA program. L.B. and B.F. acknowledge support from the Wallenberg Wood Science Center (WWSC) and the Strategic Research Foundation (SSF). Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation is acknowledged for support to instrumentation. Lars Ödberg and Claire Pitois are gratefully acknowledged for their valuable input.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Hollertz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hans Arwin
    • 2
  • Bertrand Faure
    • 3
  • Yujia Zhang
    • 4
  • Lennart Bergström
    • 3
    • 5
  • Lars Wågberg
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Fibre Technology, School of Chemical Science and EngineeringKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Laboratory of Applied OpticsLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  3. 3.Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Arrhenius LaboratoryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Division of Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology, School of Chemical Science and EngineeringKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  5. 5.The Wallenberg Wood Science Centre, School of Chemical Science and EngineeringKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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