Cellulose

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 1369–1376 | Cite as

Viscoelastic properties of cross-linked polyvinyl alcohol and surface-oxidized cellulose whisker hydrogels

Original Paper

Abstract

Reinforcement of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hydrogels was achieved by direct chemical cross-linking of surface modified microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) whiskers with PVA. In order to produce hydrogels, the MCC whiskers were first obtained by TEMPO-mediated oxidation of the cellulose substrate and ultrasonication followed by direct cross-linking to PVA (Mw 98,000) via forming acetal bonds and freeze–thawing. The viscoelastic properties of the produced hydrogels were clearly improved following the chemical cross-linking, featuring values for viscous and elastic moduli G′ and G″ on the order of 10 kPa, which is particularly interesting for biomedical orthopedic applications.

Keywords

Microcrystalline cellulose Whiskers Polyvinyl alcohol Cross-linking Cryogels 

Abbreviations

DMA

Dynamic mechanical analysis

DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide

ESEM

Environmental scanning electron microscopy

MFC

Microfibrillated cellulose

MCC

Microcrystalline cellulose

NCC

Nanocrystalline cellulose

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

PEI

Polyethelene imine

PVA

Polyvinyl alcohol

TEMPO

(2,2,6,6-Tetramethylpiperidin-1-yl)oxyl

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanotechnology and Functional Materials, Department of Engineering SciencesUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

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