, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 2765–2778 | Cite as

Design and characterization of cellulose fibers with hierarchical structure for polymer reinforcement

  • Abdelghani Hajlane
  • Hamid Kaddami
  • Roberts Joffe
  • Lennart Wallström
Original Paper


This paper describes an approach to manufacture hierarchical composites from environmentally friendly materials by grafting cellulose whiskers onto regenerated cellulose fibers (Cordenka 700). Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis were performed to verify the degree of modification. The mechanical properties of the unmodified and modified fibers were analyzed using fiber bundle tensile static and loading–unloading tests. To show the effect of cellulose whiskers grafting on the Cordenka fibers, epoxy based composites were manufactured and tensile tests done on transverse uni-directional specimens. The mechanical properties were significantly increased by fiber modification and addition of the nano-phase into composite reinforced with micro-sized fibers.


Cellulose Nanowhiskers Composites Interfaces Mechanical properties 



The authors would like to thank Hassan II Academy of Science and Technologies, the Swedish Research Council (Ref. Nr. 2009-6433) and CNRST-Morocco for their financial support. The authors would like to thank Dr Z. OUNAIES from Pennsylvania State University for ATR-FTIR analyses.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelghani Hajlane
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hamid Kaddami
    • 1
  • Roberts Joffe
    • 2
  • Lennart Wallström
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Organometallic and Macromolecular Chemistry-Composite Materials, Faculty of Sciences and TechniquesCadi Ayyad UniversityMarrakechMorocco
  2. 2.Division of Materials Science, Department of Engineering Sciences and MathematicsLuleå University of TechnologyLuleåSweden

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