, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 2481–2490 | Cite as

Sorption of iron(III)–alginate complexes on cellulose fibres

  • Uttam C. Paul
  • Avinash P. Manian
  • Barbora Široká
  • Heinz Duelli
  • Thomas Bechtold
Original Paper


Multivalent ions take a significant role in the sorption of soluble polysaccharides on solid cellulose substrates and thus demonstrate an important principle in structural polysaccharide organisation. Sorption of Fe(III)–alginate complexes on lyocell fibres as model for the insoluble cellulose matrix has been studied between pH 3–13, at 30 and 60 °C. Sorption maximum of the Fe(III)–alginate complex was observed at pH 3 where the sorbed amounts of alginate and iron were 6,600 and 85 mg iron per kg cellulose respectively. Under the experimental conditions used, a concentration of 0.05 mM Fe(III) is sufficient to achieve surface sorption of Fe(III)–alginate complex. The alginate sorption exhibited minor dependence on molar ratio of Fe(III) to alginate. In environmental scanning electron microscopy no deposition of Fe-hydroxides on the fiber surface was detected. The thickness of the adsorbed Fe(III)–alginate layer on the fiber surface was estimated with 12–22 nm. Tensile strength and abrasion resistance of Fe(III)–alginate treated fibers were not reduced through the sorption treatment. Alginate modified cellulose is of interest as material for medical application, as sorbent and textile finish.


Alginate Cellulose Polysaccharide Sorption Iron–polysaccharide complex Iron 



The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme [FP7/2007–2013] under Grant Agreement No. 214015. The authors would like to acknowledge to Versuchsanstalt-Textil and the HTL-Dornbirn for the use of their facilities.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uttam C. Paul
    • 1
  • Avinash P. Manian
    • 1
  • Barbora Široká
    • 1
  • Heinz Duelli
    • 2
  • Thomas Bechtold
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Textile Chemistry and Textile PhysicsUniversity of InnsbruckDornbirnAustria
  2. 2.Research Center MicrotechniqueVorarlberg University of Applied SciencesDornbirnAustria

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