Covalent assembly of metal nanoparticles on cellulose fabric and its antimicrobial activity
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We develop an antimicrobial active robust metal-cellulose nanohybrid by covalent assembly of metal nanoparticles on cellulose fabric using a simple impregnation of thiol-modified cellulose fabric in colloidal silver (Ag) or palladium (Pd) nanoparticle solutions. The combined results of high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) reveal that the nanoparticles are highly loaded and dispersed in the thiol-modified cellulose fabric, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis reveals that the nanoparticles are immobilized in the fabric by a strong and stable covalent bond with thiol functional group. This robust covalent linkage between the nanoparticles and the fabric leads to a remarkable suppression of the release of metal nanoparticles from the fabric. In addition, the metal-cellulose nanohybrids show high antimicrobial activity in excess of 99.9 % growth inhibition of the microorganism. Thus, we anticipate that our metal-cellulose nanohybrid may not only protect cell damage caused by penetration and fixation of metal nanoparticles into the human body but also act as a sustainable biomedical textile.
KeywordsAntimicrobial activity Covalent bonding Metal-cellulose nanohybrids Silver nanoparticles Palladium nanoparticles
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (R11-2005-065).
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