, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 1305–1313 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of aminocellulose sulfates as novel ampholytic polymers

  • Thomas Heinze
  • Taha Genco
  • Katrin Petzold-Welcke
  • Holger Wondraczek
Original Paper


Amino cellulose sulfate (ACS); namely 6-deoxy-6-(ω-aminoethyl) amino cellulose-2,3(6)-O-sulfate (AECS) and 6-deoxy-6-(2-(bis-N′,N′-(2-aminoethyl)aminoethyl)) amino cellulose-2,3(6)-O-sulfate (BAECS) were prepared by a three step synthesis starting with the functionalization of microcrystalline cellulose with p-toluenesulfonyl (tosyl) groups (degree of substitution, DSTos between 0.55 and 1.37). Subsequently the introduction of the sulfate moieties was carried out (DSSulf between 1.09 and 1.27) and the tosyl groups at position 6 were replaced by a nucleophilic substitution reaction. As nucleophilic agents 1,2-diaminoethane and tris-(2-aminoethyl)amine were applied, yielding AECS (DSAEA values between 0.41 and 0.86) and BAECS (DSBAEA values between 0.32 and 0.74), respectively. The ACS samples were characterized by means of elemental analysis, 13C-NMR-, FT-IR-, and UV–Vis spectroscopy. Moreover, the solubility of the samples in water at different pH values and the molecular weights of the samples in aqueous solution were studied.


Cellulose Polyampholyte Zwitterionic polysaccharide NMR spectroscopy FTIR spectroscopy 



The research leading to these work received funding from European Community’s Seventh Framework program [FP7/2007-2013] under grant agreement no. 214015. We would like to thank Dr. Wolfgang Guenther (NMR measurements) and Dr. Grit Festag (SEC measurements), Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular Chemistry, Friedrich Schiller University Jena for their contributions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Heinze
    • 1
    • 2
  • Taha Genco
    • 1
  • Katrin Petzold-Welcke
    • 1
  • Holger Wondraczek
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular Chemistry, Center of Excellence for Polysaccharide ResearchFriedrich Schiller University of JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Laboratory of Fiber and Cellulose TechnologyÅbo Akademi UniversityÅboFinland

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