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Cellulose

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 451–459 | Cite as

Jute as raw material for the preparation of microcrystalline cellulose

  • M. Sarwar Jahan
  • Abrar Saeed
  • Zhibin He
  • Yonghao Ni
Article

Abstract

Cellulose was extracted at a yield of 59.8% from jute fibres based on the formic acid/peroxyformic acid process at an atmospheric pressure. The amounts of dissolved lignin and hemicelluloses were determined in the spent liquor. The results showed that the spent liquor contained 10.6% total sugars and 10.9% lignin (based on jute). Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) was further prepared from the jute cellulose based on the acid hydrolysis technique. A very high yield, 48–52.8% (based on the jute raw material) was obtained. The acid hydrolysate of cellulose contained 2.7% glucose and 0.2% xylose. The MCC samples obtained from two different conditions, one at a low acidity and the other at a high acidity, were characterized by means of Thermo Gravimetric Analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared, X-ray detraction, Scanning Electron Micrograph, and Transmission Electron Micrograph techniques.

Keywords

Micro-crystalline cellulose Jute fibre Biorefinery Formic/peroxyformic acid process Fractionation Characterization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support from NSERC and the Canada Research Chairs program is greatly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Limerick Pulp and Paper CentreUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada
  2. 2.Pulp and Paper Research DivisionBCSIR LaboratoriesDhakaBangladesh

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