, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 167–177

Sol–gel treatments for enhancing flame retardancy and thermal stability of cotton fabrics: optimisation of the process and evaluation of the durability



Cotton fabrics have been treated by sol–gel processes in order to create a silica compact coating on the fibres to enhance their thermal stability and flame retardancy. The effect of process parameters such as silica precursor:water molar ratio and drying conditions (temperature and time) has been thoroughly investigated, aiming at optimization of target properties. Thermogravimetry and cone calorimetry have been respectively used to assess thermal stability and combustion behaviour of treated fabrics. Coating durability to different washing programmes has been evaluated as well.


Cotton Sol–gel processes Silica Flame retardancy Thermal stability, durability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenny Alongi
    • 1
  • Mihaela Ciobanu
    • 1
  • Giulio Malucelli
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, sede di AlessandriaAlessandriaItaly

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