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Cellulose

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 149–159 | Cite as

Extraction of cellulose and preparation of nanocellulose from sisal fibers

  • Juan I. Morán
  • Vera A. Alvarez
  • Viviana P. Cyras
  • Analia Vázquez
Article

Abstract

In this work a study on the feasibility of extracting cellulose from sisal fiber, by means of two different procedures was carried out. These processes included usual chemical procedures such as acid hydrolysis, chlorination, alkaline extraction, and bleaching. The final products were characterized by means of Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM). The extraction procedures that were used led to purified cellulose. Advantages and disadvantages of both procedures were also analyzed. Finally, nanocellulose was produced by the acid hydrolysis of obtained cellulose and characterized by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM).

Keywords

Cellulose Sisal fibers Extraction procedures Characterization Nanocellulose 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan I. Morán
    • 1
  • Vera A. Alvarez
    • 1
  • Viviana P. Cyras
    • 1
  • Analia Vázquez
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Material Science and Technology (INTEMA)National Research Council (CONICET) – Universidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina

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