Complete Zonal Problem of the Artificial Satellite: Generic Compact Analytic First Order in Closed Form
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This paper is a contribution to the Theory of the Artificial Satellite, within the frame of the Lie Transform as canonical perturbation technique (elimination of the short period terms). We consider the perturbation by any zonal harmonic J n (n ≥ 2) of the primary on the satellite, what we call here the complete zonal problem of the artificial satellite. This is quite useful for primaries with symmetry of revolution. We give an analytical formula to compute directly the first order averaged Hamiltonian. The computation is carried out in closed form for all terms, avoiding therefore tedious expansions in the eccentricity or in any anomaly; this feature makes the averaging process, not only valid for all kind of elliptic trajectories but at the same time it yields the averaged Hamiltonian in a very short and compact way. The formula allows us to now skip the averaging process, which means an asymptotic gain of a factor 3n/2 regarding the computational cost of the n th zonal. Our analytical formulae have been widely checked, by comparison on one hand with published works (Brouwer, 1959) (which contained results for particular zonal harmonics, let’s say typically from J2 to J8), and on the other hand with the results of 3 symbolic manipulation software, among which the MM (standing for ‘Moon’s series Manipulator’), which has already been used and described in (De Saedeleer B., 2004). Additionally, the first order generator associated with this transformation is given into the same closed form, and has also been validated.
Keywordsartificial satellite theory Lie Hamiltonian zonal harmonic first order closed form
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