Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 335–351 | Cite as

A Critical Review of Self-perceptions and the Positive Illusory Bias in Children with ADHD

  • Julie Sarno Owens
  • Matthew E. Goldfine
  • Nicole M. Evangelista
  • Betsy Hoza
  • Nina M. Kaiser


Despite significant functional problems in multiple domains, children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) unexpectedly provide extremely positive reports of their own competence in comparison to other criteria reflecting actual competence. This counterintuitive phenomenon is known as the positive illusory bias (PIB). This article provides a comprehensive and critical review of the literature examining the self-perceptions of children with ADHD and the PIB. Specifically, we analyze methodological and statistical challenges associated with the investigation of the phenomenon, the theoretical basis for the PIB, and the effects of sample heterogeneity on self-perception patterns. We conclude by discussing the implications of this work and providing recommendations for advancing research in this area.


ADHD Self-perceptions Positive illusions Positive illusory bias Children 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julie Sarno Owens
    • 1
  • Matthew E. Goldfine
    • 2
  • Nicole M. Evangelista
    • 1
  • Betsy Hoza
    • 3
  • Nina M. Kaiser
    • 4
  1. 1.Ohio UniversityAthensUSA
  2. 2.West Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  3. 3.University of VermontBurlingtonUSA
  4. 4.University of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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