Self-Reported Emotional and Behavioral Problems, Family Functioning and Parental Bonding Among Psychiatric Outpatient Adolescent Offspring of Croatian Male Veterans with Partial PTSD
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in male veterans has been linked with impaired family relationships and psychopathology in their children. Less is known about symptoms in children of veterans with partial PTSD.
To compare mental health problems, family functioning and parent–child bonding among adolescent offspring of male veterans with no PTSD, partial PTSD and full PTSD, and to examine the relationship between adolescent mental health problems and family factors.
Consecutive outpatient adolescent offspring (12–18 years) of Croatian male veterans with no PTSD, partial PTSD and full PTSD matched for age, sex, educational level, family income, parental employment, nationality, and residential area reported on emotional and behavioral problems, family functioning and parent–child bonding.
The full PTSD group reported higher levels of total behavior problems, family functioning problems and parental control than the partial PTSD group, which in turn, reported higher levels than the no PTSD group. The partial and full PTSD groups reported comparable levels of emotional and behavioral problems, and parental care. The partial and no PTSD groups did not differ on maternal care, which was significantly higher in these groups than in the full PTSD group. Higher levels of emotional and behavioral symptoms were associated with lower levels of maternal care in the partial PTSD group.
KeywordsAdolescent offspring Male veterans Partial PTSD Behavior problems Family functioning Parental bonding
This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or non-for-profit sectors.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
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