Child & Youth Care Forum

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 371–388 | Cite as

Helping Children Exposed to War and Violence: Perspectives from an International Work Group on Interventions for Youth and Families

  • Hilit Kletter
  • Rebecca A. Rialon
  • Nathaniel Laor
  • Daniel Brom
  • Ruth Pat-Horenczyk
  • Mohammed Shaheen
  • Daniel Hamiel
  • Claude Chemtob
  • Carl F. Weems
  • Carl Feinstein
  • Alicia Lieberman
  • Daryn Reicherter
  • Suzan Song
  • Victor G. Carrion
Original Paper



This paper outlines conclusions from a three-day workgroup hosting the eight authors as well as others with expertise in the evaluation and treatment of youth exposed to war and violence.


The purpose of this meeting was to bring multiple perspectives together to identify components that comprise effective psychosocial interventions for child victims of war and community violence across cultures. The meeting also sought to identify gaps in the existing treatment approaches.


In the meeting, personal experiences and previous research were discussed to develop a wide-ranging intervention approach, determine a cohesive definition for “indirect” exposure, and identify successful methods of intervention delivery for youth exposed to acts of war and violence.

Results and Conclusions

Key components of intervention for youth exposed to war/violence, important outcome measures, and cultural differences that may influence effective intervention were identified. A clearer definition of “indirect” exposure was also developed. Finally, a nine-phase model was developed to provide guidelines for establishing partnerships between trauma teams and other organizations or schools to implement and disseminate treatment for this population.


War Violence Children Developmental trauma Treatment interventions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hilit Kletter
    • 1
    • 14
  • Rebecca A. Rialon
    • 1
  • Nathaniel Laor
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Daniel Brom
    • 6
    • 7
  • Ruth Pat-Horenczyk
    • 6
    • 7
  • Mohammed Shaheen
    • 8
  • Daniel Hamiel
    • 9
  • Claude Chemtob
    • 10
  • Carl F. Weems
    • 11
  • Carl Feinstein
    • 1
  • Alicia Lieberman
    • 12
  • Daryn Reicherter
    • 1
  • Suzan Song
    • 13
  • Victor G. Carrion
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health CenterTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at RiskTel AvivIsrael
  4. 4.Sackler Faculty of MedicineTel-Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  5. 5.Child Study CenterYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  6. 6.Israel Center for Treatment of PsychotraumaHerzog HospitalJerusalemIsrael
  7. 7.Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare HebrewUniversity of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  8. 8.Center for Development in Primary Health CareAlbireh-West BankPalestine
  9. 9.Tel Aviv-Jaffa Academic CollegeTel AvivIsrael
  10. 10.Child Study CenterNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  11. 11.Department of PsychologyUniversity of New OrleansNew OrleansUSA
  12. 12.Child Trauma Research Program, UCSF Department of PsychiatrySan Francisco General HospitalSan FranciscoUSA
  13. 13.Asian Americans for Community Involvement/Center for Survivors of TortureSan JoseUSA
  14. 14.Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Child DevelopmentStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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