Child & Youth Care Forum

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 211–237 | Cite as

Mediators of Positive Youth Development Intervention Change: Promoting Change in Positive and Problem Outcomes?

  • Kyle EichasEmail author
  • Richard E. Albrecht
  • Arlen J. Garcia
  • Rachel A. Ritchie
  • Aida Varela
  • Arlene Garcia
  • Roberto Rinaldi
  • Rebecca Wang
  • Marilyn J. Montgomery
  • Wendy K. Silverman
  • James Jaccard
  • William M. Kurtines
Original Paper


Advances in applied developmental science have contributed to the large literature on positive youth development (PYD) interventions. This study reports an investigation of a PYD program using an outcome-mediation evaluation model that drew on the treatment intervention science literature. The Changing Lives Program (CLP) is a community supported gender and ethnic inclusive PYD intervention framework. Using an empowerment approach, the CLP was implemented in a practice setting as a selective/indicated positive youth development program for multi-ethnic, multi-problem at risk youth in urban alternative high schools. The outcome-mediation evaluation model provided evidence in support of the direct outcome effects of the intervention. The model also proved effective in identifying at a micro process level a number of plausible causal mechanisms for use in the development of more conceptually complete models of the causal mechanisms that underlie intervention change. Implications for future development of theory informed empirically supported intervention models of PYD programs are discussed.


Positive youth development Developmental intervention science Mediation-outcome research design Identity development 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyle Eichas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Richard E. Albrecht
    • 2
  • Arlen J. Garcia
    • 3
  • Rachel A. Ritchie
    • 1
  • Aida Varela
    • 1
  • Arlene Garcia
    • 1
  • Roberto Rinaldi
    • 1
  • Rebecca Wang
    • 1
  • Marilyn J. Montgomery
    • 4
  • Wendy K. Silverman
    • 1
  • James Jaccard
    • 1
  • William M. Kurtines
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.State of Florida Department of CorrectionsMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of Social SciencesMiami Dade CollegeMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Department of Educational and Psychological StudiesFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA

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