Broad and Narrow Personality Traits in Relation to the Job Performance of Camp Counselors Article DOI:
Cite this article as: Loveland, J.M., Gibson, L.W., Lounsbury, J.W. et al. Child Youth Care Forum (2005) 34: 241. doi:10.1007/s10566-005-3471-6 Abstract
We examined personality traits important for the job performance of summer camp counselors, including several of the Big Five and narrow personality traits. Performance was based on two composite scales: social performance and task performance. The personality traits of work drive, extraversion, nurturance, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were significantly related to the social performance measure, and the traits of customer service orientation, work drive, extraversion, nurturance, agreeableness, emotional stability, and conscientiousness were significantly related to the Task Performance measure. Results from the stepwise regression indicate that the traits of agreeableness and extraversion were the best predictors for the social performance measure, while work drive was the best predictor for task performance. Expectancy tables illustrated the large differences in job performance between employees in the upper and lower thirds on selected traits. Results were discussed in terms of the Big Five model, directions for future research, study limitations, and practical advantages of using personality measures in the pre-employment screening process for camp counselors.
Keywords personality personnel selection narrow traits child-care workers Big Five References Arvey, R.D., Campion, J.E. 1982 The employment interview: A summary and review of recent research Personnel Psychology 35 281 322 Google Scholar Barrick, M.R., Mount, M.K. 1991 The Big Five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis Personnel Psychology 44 1 26 Google Scholar Bateman, B. 1968 A pilot study of mentally retarded children attending summer day camp Mental Retardation 6 39 44 Google Scholar Boyd, B.J., Pasley, B.K. 1989 Role stress as a contributor to burnout in child care professionals Child and Youth Care Quarterly 18 243 258 Google Scholar Breton, M. 1990 Learning from social work group traditions Social Work with Groups 7 35 44 Google Scholar Briery, B.G., Rabian, B. 1999 Psychosocial changes associated with participation in a pediatric summer camp Journal of Pediatric Psychology 24 183 190 PubMed Google Scholar Byers, S.E. 1979, May Wilderness camping as a therapy for emotionally disturbed children: A critical review Exceptional Children 45 623 635 Google Scholar Ceglowski, D., Bacigalupa, C. 2002 Four Perspectives on Child Care Quality Early Childhood Education Journal 30 87 92 Google Scholar Ceglowski, D., Davis, E. 2004 Assessing structural indicators of child care quality at the local level: Lessons from four Minnesota counties Child & Youth Care Forum 33 71 93 Google Scholar Cleland, C.G. 1962 Selection and training of attendants: A review of the research American Journal of Mental Deficiency 67 205 210 Google Scholar Cohen, A.J. 1996 A brief history of federal financing for child care in the United States The Future of Children 6 26 40 PubMed Google Scholar Costa, P., McCrae, R. 1994 Stability and change in personality from adolescence through adulthood Halverson, C.F., Jr. KohnstammG.A. Martin, R.P. eds. The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthood Erlbaum Hillsdale, NJ 139 155 Google Scholar DeRaad, B. 2000The Big Five personality factors: The psycholexical approach to personality Hogrefe & Huber Seattle,WA Google Scholar Digman, J. 1990 Personality structure” Emergence of the five-factor model Annual Review of Psychology 41 417 440 Google Scholar Durkin, R. 2002 Fifty years of child and youth care work; Recollections, reflections, and lessons learned Residential Treatment for Children and Youth 19 1 30 Google Scholar Gatewood, R.D., Feild, H.S. 2001Human resource selection5 OH. Thomson Learning Mason Google Scholar Hunter, J.E., Hunter, R.F. 1984 Validity and utility of alternative predictors of job performance Psychological Bulletin 96 72 98 Google Scholar Katz, L.G. 1992, Winter Early childhood programs: Multiple perspectives on quality Childhood Education 69 66 71 Google Scholar Kelk, N. 1994 Camping and outdoor activities as psychosocial interventions Australian Social Work 47 43 49 Google Scholar
Lally, J. R., Honig, A. S., & Caldwell, M. B. (1973). Training paraprofessionals for work with infants and toddlers.
Young Children, 173–182. Levitt, L. 1994 What is the therapeutic value of camping for emotionally disturbed girls? Women & Therapy 15 129 137 Google Scholar Lounsbury, J.W., Gibson, L.W. 2001Personal Style Inventory: A work-based personality measurement system Resource Associates Knoxville, TN Google Scholar Lounsbury, J.W., Gibson, L.W., Hamrick, F.L. 2004a The development of a personological measure of work drive Journal of Business and Psychology 18 347 371 Google Scholar Lounsbury, J.W., Gibson, L.W., Sundstrom, E., Wilburn, D., Loveland, J. 2004b An empirical investigation of the proposition that “School Is Work” A comparison of personality-performance correlations in school and work settings. Journal of Education and Work 17 119 131 Google Scholar Lounsbury, J.W., Park, S.H., Sundstrom, E., Williamson, J., Pemberton, A. 2004 Peronality, career satisfaction, and life satisfcation: Test of a directional model Journal of Carrer Assessment 12 395 406 Google Scholar Lounsbury, J.W., Sundstrom, E., Gibson, L.W., Loveland, J.L. 2003c Broad versus narrow personality traits in predicting academic performance of adolescents Learning and Individual Differences 14 67 77 Google Scholar Manlove, E. 1993 Multiple Correlates of Burnout in Child Care Workers Early Childhood Research Quarterly 8 499 518 Google Scholar Maslach, C., Leiter, M.P. 1997The truth about burnout: How organizations cause personal stress and what to do about it Jossey Bass San Francisco Google Scholar Michalski, J.H., Mishna, F., Worthington, C., Cummings, R. 2003 A multi-method impact evaluation of a therapeutic summer camp program Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 20 53 76 Google Scholar Mordock, J.B., Platt, H. 1969 Selection and training of child-care workers Hospital & Community Psychiatry 20 227 229 Google Scholar Mufson, D. 1986 Selecting child care workers for adolescents: The California Psychological Inventory Child Welfare 65 83 88 PubMed Google Scholar Osborne, N., Williams, R. 1982 Reasons for staff turnover at a summer camp for mentally retarded children and adults Perceptual and Motor Skills 53 1062 Google Scholar
Parker, R. K., & Dittmann, L. L. (1971).
Child development handbook No. 5. Day care & staff training. Office of Child Development, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, DC. Paunonen, S.V., Ashton, M.C. 2001 Big five factors and facets and the prediction of behavior Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 81 524 539 PubMed Google Scholar Paunonen, S.V., Jackson, D.N. 2000 What is beyond the Big Five? Plenty Journal of Personality 68 821 835 PubMed Google Scholar Raymark, P.H., Schmit, M.J., Guion, R.M. 1997 Identifying potentially useful personality constructs for employee selection. Personnel Psychology 50 723 736 Google Scholar Savicki, V. 2002Burnout across thirteen cultures: Stress and coping in child and youth care workers Praeger Westport, CT Google Scholar Stewart, G.L. 1999 Trait bandwidth and stages of job performance: Assessing differential effects for conscientiousness and its subtraits Journal of Applied Psychology 84 959 968 Google Scholar Sutton, B. 1977 Consideration of career time in child care work: Observations on child care work experiences Child Care Quarterly 6 121 128 Google Scholar Swenson, T.G. 1988 A dose of Camp Dost: Meeting the psychosocial needs of children with cancer Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing 11 29 32 PubMed Google Scholar Wasmond, W.C., Tate, T.F. 1988 Personality and performance: Attributes of effective residential child care Child Welfare 67 291 299 PubMed Google Scholar Watson, D. 2003 Defining quality care for looked after children: frontline workers’ perspective on standards and all that? Child and Family Social Work 8 67 77 Google Scholar Whitebook, M., Sakai, L. 2003 Turnover begets turnover: an examination of job and occupational instability among child care center staff Early Childhood Research Quarterly 18 273 293 Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005