Child and Youth Care Forum

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 241–255 | Cite as

Broad and Narrow Personality Traits in Relation to the Job Performance of Camp Counselors

  • James M. Loveland
  • Lucy W. Gibson
  • John W. Lounsbury
  • Beverly C. Huffstetler

Abstract

We examined personality traits important for the job performance of summer camp counselors, including several of the Big Five and narrow personality traits. Performance was based on two composite scales: social performance and task performance. The personality traits of work drive, extraversion, nurturance, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were significantly related to the social performance measure, and the traits of customer service orientation, work drive, extraversion, nurturance, agreeableness, emotional stability, and conscientiousness were significantly related to the Task Performance measure. Results from the stepwise regression indicate that the traits of agreeableness and extraversion were the best predictors for the social performance measure, while work drive was the best predictor for task performance. Expectancy tables illustrated the large differences in job performance between employees in the upper and lower thirds on selected traits. Results were discussed in terms of the Big Five model, directions for future research, study limitations, and practical advantages of using personality measures in the pre-employment screening process for camp counselors.

Keywords

personality personnel selection narrow traits child-care workers Big Five 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arvey, R.D., Campion, J.E. 1982The employment interview: A summary and review of recent researchPersonnel Psychology35281322Google Scholar
  2. Barrick, M.R., Mount, M.K. 1991The Big Five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysisPersonnel Psychology44126Google Scholar
  3. Bateman, B. 1968A pilot study of mentally retarded children attending summer day campMental Retardation63944Google Scholar
  4. Boyd, B.J., Pasley, B.K. 1989Role stress as a contributor to burnout in child care professionalsChild and Youth Care Quarterly18243258Google Scholar
  5. Breton, M. 1990Learning from social work group traditionsSocial Work with Groups73544Google Scholar
  6. Briery, B.G., Rabian, B. 1999Psychosocial changes associated with participation in a pediatric summer campJournal of Pediatric Psychology24183190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Byers, S.E. 1979, MayWilderness camping as a therapy for emotionally disturbed children: A critical reviewExceptional Children45623635Google Scholar
  8. Ceglowski, D., Bacigalupa, C. 2002Four Perspectives on Child Care QualityEarly Childhood Education Journal308792Google Scholar
  9. Ceglowski, D., Davis, E. 2004Assessing structural indicators of child care quality at the local level: Lessons from four Minnesota countiesChild & Youth Care Forum337193Google Scholar
  10. Cleland, C.G. 1962Selection and training of attendants: A review of the researchAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency67205210Google Scholar
  11. Cohen, A.J. 1996A brief history of federal financing for child care in the United StatesThe Future of Children62640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Costa, P., McCrae, R. 1994

    Stability and change in personality from adolescence through adulthood

    Halverson, C.F.,Jr.KohnstammG.A. Martin, R.P. eds. The developing structure of temperament and personality from infancy to adulthoodErlbaumHillsdale, NJ139155
    Google Scholar
  13. DeRaad, B. 2000The Big Five personality factors: The psycholexical approach to personalityHogrefe & HuberSeattle,WAGoogle Scholar
  14. Digman, J. 1990Personality structure” Emergence of the five-factor modelAnnual Review of Psychology41417440Google Scholar
  15. Durkin, R. 2002Fifty years of child and youth care work; Recollections, reflections, and lessons learnedResidential Treatment for Children and Youth19130Google Scholar
  16. Gatewood, R.D., Feild, H.S. 2001Human resource selection5OH. Thomson LearningMasonGoogle Scholar
  17. Hunter, J.E., Hunter, R.F. 1984Validity and utility of alternative predictors of job performancePsychological Bulletin967298Google Scholar
  18. Katz, L.G. 1992, WinterEarly childhood programs: Multiple perspectives on qualityChildhood Education696671Google Scholar
  19. Kelk, N. 1994Camping and outdoor activities as psychosocial interventionsAustralian Social Work474349Google Scholar
  20. Lally, J. R., Honig, A. S., & Caldwell, M. B. (1973). Training paraprofessionals for work with infants and toddlers. Young Children, 173–182.Google Scholar
  21. Levitt, L. 1994What is the therapeutic value of camping for emotionally disturbed girls?Women & Therapy15129137Google Scholar
  22. Lounsbury, J.W., Gibson, L.W. 2001Personal Style Inventory: A work-based personality measurement systemResource AssociatesKnoxville, TNGoogle Scholar
  23. Lounsbury, J.W., Gibson, L.W., Hamrick, F.L. 2004aThe development of a personological measure of work driveJournal of Business and Psychology18347371Google Scholar
  24. Lounsbury, J.W., Gibson, L.W., Sundstrom, E., Wilburn, D., Loveland, J. 2004bAn empirical investigation of the proposition that “School Is Work”A comparison of personality-performance correlations in school and work settings. Journal of Education and Work17119131Google Scholar
  25. Lounsbury, J.W., Park, S.H., Sundstrom, E., Williamson, J., Pemberton, A. 2004Peronality, career satisfaction, and life satisfcation: Test of a directional modelJournal of Carrer Assessment12395406Google Scholar
  26. Lounsbury, J.W., Sundstrom, E., Gibson, L.W., Loveland, J.L. 2003cBroad versus narrow personality traits in predicting academic performance of adolescentsLearning and Individual Differences146777Google Scholar
  27. Manlove, E. 1993Multiple Correlates of Burnout in Child Care WorkersEarly Childhood Research Quarterly8499518Google Scholar
  28. Maslach, C., Leiter, M.P. 1997The truth about burnout: How organizations cause personal stress and what to do about itJossey BassSan FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  29. Michalski, J.H., Mishna, F., Worthington, C., Cummings, R. 2003A multi-method impact evaluation of a therapeutic summer camp programChild and Adolescent Social Work Journal205376Google Scholar
  30. Mordock, J.B., Platt, H. 1969Selection and training of child-care workersHospital & Community Psychiatry20227229Google Scholar
  31. Mufson, D. 1986Selecting child care workers for adolescents: The California Psychological InventoryChild Welfare658388PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Osborne, N., Williams, R. 1982Reasons for staff turnover at a summer camp for mentally retarded children and adultsPerceptual and Motor Skills531062Google Scholar
  33. Parker, R. K., & Dittmann, L. L. (1971). Child development handbook No. 5. Day care & staff training. Office of Child Development, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, DC.Google Scholar
  34. Paunonen, S.V., Ashton, M.C. 2001Big five factors and facets and the prediction of behaviorJournal of Personality and Social Psychology81524539PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Paunonen, S.V., Jackson, D.N. 2000What is beyond the Big Five? PlentyJournal of Personality68821835PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Raymark, P.H., Schmit, M.J., Guion, R.M. 1997Identifying potentially useful personality constructs for employee selection. Personnel Psychology50723736Google Scholar
  37. Savicki, V. 2002Burnout across thirteen cultures: Stress and coping in child and youth care workersPraegerWestport, CTGoogle Scholar
  38. Stewart, G.L. 1999Trait bandwidth and stages of job performance: Assessing differential effects for conscientiousness and its subtraitsJournal of Applied Psychology84959968Google Scholar
  39. Sutton, B. 1977Consideration of career time in child care work: Observations on child care work experiencesChild Care Quarterly6121128Google Scholar
  40. Swenson, T.G. 1988A dose of Camp Dost: Meeting the psychosocial needs of children with cancerIssues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing112932PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Wasmond, W.C., Tate, T.F. 1988Personality and performance: Attributes of effective residential child careChild Welfare67291299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Watson, D. 2003Defining quality care for looked after children: frontline workers’ perspective on standards and all that?Child and Family Social Work86777Google Scholar
  43. Whitebook, M., Sakai, L. 2003Turnover begets turnover: an examination of job and occupational instability among child care center staffEarly Childhood Research Quarterly18273293Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Loveland
    • 1
  • Lucy W. Gibson
    • 3
  • John W. Lounsbury
    • 2
  • Beverly C. Huffstetler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLouisiana Tech UniversityRustonUSA
  2. 2.University of TennesseeKnoxville
  3. 3.Louisiana Tech UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations