Cell Biology and Toxicology

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 149–157

The insect repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) increases the synthesis of glutathione S-transferase in cultured mosquito cells

  • Vanessa J. Hellestad
  • Bruce A. Witthuhn
  • Ann M. Fallon
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10565-010-9177-z

Cite this article as:
Hellestad, V.J., Witthuhn, B.A. & Fallon, A.M. Cell Biol Toxicol (2011) 27: 149. doi:10.1007/s10565-010-9177-z

Abstract

DEET (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide) is the active ingredient used in many commonly used insect repellents, but its mode of action remains poorly understood. Efforts to identify properties that could lead to the development of more effective active ingredients have distinguished among DEET’s repellent, deterrent, and insecticidal activities. We used an Aedes albopictus mosquito cell line to evaluate DEET’s toxicological properties in the absence of sensory input mediated by the olfactory system. When cells were treated with DEET and labeled with [35S]methionine/cysteine, a single 25-kDa protein was induced, relative to other proteins, on SDS–polyacrylamide gels. The 25-kDa band from DEET-treated cells was enriched in peptides corresponding to glutathione S-transferase D10 and/or theta in the Aedes aegypti genome. Consistent with the increased expression of the labeled protein, DEET-treated cells had increased glutathione S-transferase activity, and the radiolabeled band bound to Sepharose 4B containing reduced glutathione. By analyzing partial tryptic digests, we established that DEET induces the homolog of A. aegypti glutathione S-transferase, class theta, corresponding to protein XP_001658009.1 in the NCBI database. This specific effect of DEET at the subcellular level suggests that DEET induces physiological responses that extend beyond recognition by the peripheral olfactory system.

Keywords

Aedes albopictus Cell line DEET Glutathione S-transferase Mosquito repellent Proteomics 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanessa J. Hellestad
    • 1
  • Bruce A. Witthuhn
    • 2
  • Ann M. Fallon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA
  2. 2.Center for Mass Spectrometry and ProteomicsUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

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