Exploring the Influence of Pd Species Valence State and Chemisorbed Oxygen Concentration on the Catalytic Oxidation Performance of Toluene

  • Weiliang Han
  • Fang Dong
  • Haijun Zhao
  • Guodong Zhang
  • Zhicheng TangEmail author


The valence state of Pd and chemisorbed oxygen were important factors for catalytic oxidation of toluene. The valence of Pd and chemisorbed oxygen could be adjusted by preparation method. In this paper, a series of Pd/Ce-Zr-Ox (PdCZ-Ox) catalysts were prepared by impregnation (PdCZ-Ox-IM), co-precipitation (PdCZ-Ox-CP), sol–gel (PdCZ-Ox-SG) and hydrothermal (PdCZ-Ox-HT) method, respectively, which could cause the structure alteration of PdCZ-Ox catalysts. These catalysts exhibited a great diverse in catalytic oxidation of toluene reaction due to the structure alteration of PdCZ-Ox catalysts. Through systematic analysis, PdCZ-Ox-CP exhibited higher catalytic performance of toluene oxidation than the other three PdCZ-Ox catalysts, which was attributed to the valence of Pd and the concentration of surface chemisorbed oxygen. The stability of PdCZ-Ox-CP was explored by three consecutives runs, thermal stability and moisture resistance tests. The PdCZ-Ox-CP possessed the good repeatability at three consecutives runs, superior moisture resistance, and the excellent stability.


Preparation method Element valence Chemisorbed oxygen Catalytic oxidation of toluene 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21707145, 51808529), Natural Science Foundation of Gansu Province (18JR3RA383, 17JR5RA317), Key Science and Technology Program of Lanzhou City (2017-4-111), and West Light Foundation of The Chinese Academy of Sciences.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weiliang Han
    • 1
  • Fang Dong
    • 1
  • Haijun Zhao
    • 1
  • Guodong Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhicheng Tang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, and National Engineering Research Center for Fine Petrochemical Intermediates, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina

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