Advertisement

Deactivation of Co-Al2O3/SiO2 Fischer–Trospch Synthesis Catalyst in Industrially Relevant Conditions

  • 79 Accesses

Abstract

The deactivation rate of Co-Al2O3/SiO2 Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalyst have been experimentally assessed at industrially relevant conditions (T 198–237 °C, P = 60 bar, H2/CO = 1.85, GHSV 2000–7000 h–1). The fresh and spent catalyst was characterized by XRD, XPS, BET, TEM, and SEM–EDX techniques. Decreasing active surface area due to cobalt oxidation by product water and sintering of cobalt crystallites were found to be minor factors for the deactivation. The principal reason of activity loss seems is diffusion limitations arising due to catalyst pores plugging by product wax. The linear dependence between gas flow rate and estimated catalyst lifetime was revealed. High GHSV of fresh synthesis gas and/or high circulation ratio of product gas should be employed to prevent rapid loss of catalyst activity.

Graphic Abstract

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. 1.

    Steynberg AP, Dry M (2004) Stud Surf Sci Catal 152:1

  2. 2.

    Dry ME (2004) Appl Catal A 276:1

  3. 3.

    Khodakov AY, Chu W, Fongarland P (2007) Chem Rev 107:1692

  4. 4.

    Zhang Q, Kang J, Wang Y (2010) ChemCatChem 2:1030

  5. 5.

    Rytter E, Tsakoumis NE, Holmen A (2016) Catal. Today 261:3

  6. 6.

    Freund M (1982) Developments in petroleum science, Vol. 14, In: Freund M, Mózes GY (eds) Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company: Amsterdam

  7. 7.

    Bekker M, Louw NR, Van Rensburg VJJ, Potgiete J (2013) Int J Cosmet Sci 35:99

  8. 8.

    Dobratz BM, Crawford PC (1985) LLNL explosive handbook: properties of chemical explosives and explosive simplants. Livermore, California

  9. 9.

    Van Berge PJ, Everson RC (1997) Stud Surf Sci Catal 107:207

  10. 10.

    Sparks DE, Jacobs G, Gnanamani MK, Pendyala VRR, Ma W, Kang J, Shafer WD, Keogh RA, Graham UM, Gao P, Davis BH (2013) Catal Today 215:67

  11. 11.

    Saib AM, Moodley DJ, Ciobîcă IM, Hauman MM, Sigwebela BH, Weststrate CJ, Niemantsverdriet JW, van de Loosdrecht J (2010) Catal Today 154:271

  12. 12.

    Espinoza RL, Steynberg AP, Jager B, Vosloo AC (1999) Appl Catal A 186:13

  13. 13.

    Van Berge PJ, van de Loosdrecht J, Barradas S, van der Kraan AM (2000) Catal Today 58:321

  14. 14.

    Saib AM, Borgna A, van de Loosdrecht J, van Berge PJ, Geus JW, Niemantsverdriet JW (2006) J Catal 239:326

  15. 15.

    Hilmen AM, Schanke D, Hanssen KF, Holmen A (1999) Appl Catal A 186:169

  16. 16.

    Bian GZ, Fujishita N, Mochizuki T, Ning WS, Yamada M (2003) Appl Catal A 252:251

  17. 17.

    Kiss G, Kliewer CE, DeMartin GJ, Culross CC, Baumgartner JE (2003) J Catal 217:127

  18. 18.

    Overett MJ, Breedt B, du Plessis E, Erasmus W, van de Loosdrecht J (2008) Prepr Pap-Am Chem Soc Div Pet Chem 53:126

  19. 19.

    Jacobs G, Patterson PM, Zhang Y, Das T, Li J, Bavis BH (2002) Appl Catal A 233:215

  20. 20.

    Li JL, Zhan XD, Zhang YQ (2002) Appl Catal A 228:203

  21. 21.

    Pennline HW, Gormley RJ, Schehl RR (1984) Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev 23:388

  22. 22.

    Pennline HW, Pollack SS (1986) Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev 23:11

  23. 23.

    Niemela MK, Krause AOI (1996) Catal Lett 42:161

  24. 24.

    Van Steen E, Claeys M, Dry ME, van de Loosdrecht J, Viljoen EL, Visagie JL (2005) J Phys Chem B 109:3577

  25. 25.

    Li JL, Davis BH (2004) Stud Surf Sci Catal 147:307

  26. 26.

    Krishnamoorthy S, Tu M, Ojeda MP, Pinna D, Iglesia E (2002) J Catal 211:422

  27. 27.

    Bartholomew CH (2001) Appl Catal A 212:17

  28. 28.

    Das TK, Jacobs G, Patterson PM, Conner WA, Li J, Davis BH (2003) Fuel 82:805

  29. 29.

    Jacobs G, Patterson PM, Das TK, Luo M, Davis BH (2004) Appl Catal A 270:65

  30. 30.

    Jahangiri H, Bennett J, Mahjoubi P, Wilson K, Gu S (2014) Catal Sci Technol 4:2210

  31. 31.

    Moodley DJ, van de Loosdrecht J, Saib AM, Overett MJ, Datye AK, Niemantsverdriet JW (2009) Appl Catal A 354:102

  32. 32.

    Narochnyi GB, Yakovenko RE, Savost’yanov AP, Bakun VG (2016) Catal Ind 8:139

  33. 33.

    Savost’yanov AP, Yakovenko RE, Sulima SI, Bakun VG, Narochnyi GB, Chernyshev VM, Mitchenko SA (2017) Catal Today 279:107

  34. 34.

    Savost’yanov AP, Narochnyi GB, Yakovenko RE, Mitchenko SA, Zubkov IN (2018) Pet Chem 58:76

  35. 35.

    Savost’yanov AP, Yakovenko RE, Narochnyi GB, Sulima SI, Bakun VG, Soromotin VN, Mitchenko SA (2017) Catal Commun 99:25

  36. 36.

    International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD), PDF-2 Release 2012 https://www.icdd.com/index.php/pdf-2/

  37. 37.

    Kashin AS, Ananikov VP (2011) Russ Chem Bull 60:2602

  38. 38.

    Kachala K, Khemchyan LL, Kashin AS, Orlov NV, Grachev AA, Zalesskiy SS, Ananikov VP (2013) Russ Chem Rev 82:648

  39. 39.

    Biesinger MC, Payne BP, Grosvenor AP, Lau LW, Gerson AR, Smart RSC (2011) Appl Surf Sci 257:2717

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (state task no. 10.2980.2017/4.6). XPS spectra analysis was supported by the project no 3.6105.2017/8.9.

Author information

Correspondence to Oleg L. Eliseev.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Savost’yanov, A.P., Eliseev, O.L., Yakovenko, R.E. et al. Deactivation of Co-Al2O3/SiO2 Fischer–Trospch Synthesis Catalyst in Industrially Relevant Conditions. Catal Lett (2020) doi:10.1007/s10562-020-03097-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Fischer–Tropsch
  • Deactivation
  • Cobalt
  • Wax