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Cooperation Between Active Metal and Basic Support in Ni-Based Catalyst for Low-Temperature CO2 Methanation

  • Yuan Ma
  • Jiao LiuEmail author
  • Mo Chu
  • Junrong Yue
  • Yanbin Cui
  • Guangwen Xu
Article
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

The key challenge for CO2 methanation, an eight-electron process under kinetic limitation, relies on the design of non-noble metal catalysts so as to achieve high activity at low reaction temperatures. In this work, four Ni-based catalysts with different supports were prepared and tested for CO2 methanation at 250–550 °C in a fixed bed quartz reactor and further characterized to reveal the structure–function relationship. The Ni-based catalysts followed an activity order of Ni/CeO2 > Ni/Al2O3 > Ni/TiO2 > Ni/ZrO2, especially at temperatures lower than 350 °C. H2-TPR and TPD results indicated that the interaction between nickel and support was strong and the metallic nickel was well dispersed in the Ni/Al2O3 catalyst, while more amount of CO2 was adsorbed on the weak basic sites in the Ni/CeO2 catalyst. By establishing the correlation between the catalytic performance and the catalyst structure, it was found that the Ni nanoparticles and basic support serve as H2 and CO2 active centers respectively and cooperatively catalyze CO2 methanation, resulting in high low-temperature reaction activity.

Graphic Abstract

High CO2 conversion was achieved over Ni/CeO2 catalyst at 300 °C for its high H2 uptake on Ni nanoparticles and high CO2 adsorption capacity on the support with weak basic sites and cooperatively to catalyze CO2 methanation.

Keywords

CO2 methanation Ni/CeO2 Catalyst Support Basic site TPD 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Fund of State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems (No. MPCS-2019-A-04) and International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China (2018YFE010340).

Competing interest

There have no competing interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan Ma
    • 1
  • Jiao Liu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mo Chu
    • 1
  • Junrong Yue
    • 2
  • Yanbin Cui
    • 2
  • Guangwen Xu
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringChina University of Mining & Technology (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Multi-phase Complex Systems, Institute of Process EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Industrial Chemistry and Energy TechnologyShenyang University of Chemical TechnologyShenyangChina

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