Production of Levulinic Acid via Cellulose Conversion Over Metal Oxide-Loaded MOF Catalysts in Aqueous Medium

  • Kaifeng Wang
  • Ya Liu
  • Wufeng Wu
  • Yu ChenEmail author
  • Lina Fang
  • Wanbin LiEmail author
  • Hongbing Ji


In this study, Zr-MOF material (UiO-66) was modified with different metal oxides (CeO2, Ga2O3, and CoO) and employed in the conversion of cellulose to levulinic acid (LA) in aqueous medium. The research results showed that the introduction of the metal oxides increased the acid content of the catalysts, especially in medium-strong acid. The selectivity of LA was related to the type of metal oxide and the content of medium-strong acid. Due to the activity of Ga2O3 and more medium-strong acid, the yield of LA reaches a maximum yield of 32.0 mol% at 513 K for 360 min when Ga2O3-UiO-66 was employed as the catalysts. The combination of metal oxide and UiO-66 enables the reaction to proceed, providing a new direction for the conversion of cellulose to LA in the aqueous phase.

Graphic Abstract

In this study, Zr-MOFs material (UiO-66) was modified with different metal oxides (CeO2, Ga2O3, and CoO) and employed in the conversion of cellulose to levulinic acid in aqueous medium. The results indicated that the addition of metal oxides changes the acidity of UiO-66, which improves the catalytic activity. The selectivity of LA was related to the type of metal oxide and the content of medium-strong acid.


Cellulose Levulinic acid Catalytic conversion Metal oxide-loaded MOFs catalyst Aqueous medium 



This study was supported financially by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51708252), “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” (No. 17lgpy71), National Science for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (No. 21425627), Guangdong Technology Research Center for Synthesis and Separation of Thermosensitive Chemicals (2015B090903061), and Science and Technology Innovation Teams Project of Huizhou (20131226121851953).

Supplementary material

10562_2019_3023_MOESM1_ESM.doc (9.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 9707 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of FoodShihezi UniversityShiheziChina
  2. 2.Huizhou Research Institute, Sun Yat-sen UniversityHuizhouChina
  3. 3.School of EnvironmentJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.School of Environment, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Exposure and Health, and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and HealthJinan UniversityGuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.School of Chemistry and Environmental EngineeringHanshan Normal UniversityChaozhouPeople’s Republic of China

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